RETURN TO DATABASE - ALTERNATIVE CLASSIFICATION
SALTICIDAE OF THE WORLD - Abstract - INDEX of Genera - FOREWORD & KEY to groups of genera! - AEURILLINES - Comparison HISTORICAL classification of Aelurilleae - AMYCINES- AMYCOIDA VARIA - ASTIAINES - BELIPPINES - CHRYSILLINES - COCALODINES - COLONINES [=Thiodinines] - DENDRYPHANTINES - DIOLENINES - EUOPHRYINES-PART 1 Introduction-Donoessus- EUOPHRYINES-PART 2 Echeclus-Pystira - EUOPHRYINES- PART 3 Rhyphelia-Zenodorus - EUPOAINES - EVARCHINES - FOSSILS - HABRONATTINES - HARMOCHIRINES - HELIOPHANINES - HISPONINES - HYLLINES - ICIINES - LAPSIINES - LIGONIPEINES - LYSSOMANINES - MENEMERINES - MYRMARACHNINES - NOTICIINES - PELLENINES - PSEUDICIINES - SIMAETHINES - SITTICINES - SPARTAEINES - THIRATOSCIRTINAE - YAGINUMAELLINES - YLLENINES - UNCLASSIFIED TEMPORARY - Maddison's views on Salticidae phylogeny 2014 - Omoedus synonymy
OUT OF DATE CLASSIFICATORY SYSTEMS -Simon's classification - Petrunkevich synthesis-1928 - Bonnet's list of subfamilies - Prˇszynski's revision of subfamilies 1976.

Monograph of the Salticidae (Araneae) of the World 1995-2015. Introduction to alternative classification of Salticidae
Classification of the Salticidae genera of the World
group of genera
MYRMARACHNINES
by Jerzy Prószyński

Version December 31st, 2015
Note on illustrations. This introduction to classification of Salticidae includes only species defined by diagnostic illustrations in the taxonomic literature, arranged by similarities of embolus and spermophor. Images are displayed as thumbnails to save space and allow for rapid scanning of theoretically closely-related species. Thumbnails are small versions of illustrations in other parts of the monograph, whera are displayed together with particulars of their sources and permissions. .

Gen. Myrmapeni Prószyński, 2016 gen. n. (6 species)
[proposed as partial synonym for the genus Myrmarachne (in part)].

Type species Myrmarachne penicillata Mello-Leitao, 1933 from Brazil.
ETYMOLOGY. Name combines words Myrmarachne and penicillata, grammar gender assumed feminine.

Diagnosis. Spermathecae have typical for MYRMARACHNINES "pipes-like" appearance, but with unusual wide divergence of their proximal parts (that is topographically posterior), in addition their proximal ends are twisted into a small coil. Copulatory ducts are not marked on drawing of epigyne, presumably can be membranous, like in other related genera. External epigyne is unusually broad, with "windows" anterior and set obliquely, pocket small, posterior. These epigyne structures are known in only one species - Myrmapeni chickeringi (Galiano, 1969) comb. n, it is impossible to tell whether are they representative for the whole genus, or unique for this species only.
Male palps are characterized by unusual bunch of long, black setae on palpal tibia, near apophysis. Palpal tibia is short and relatively wide, bulbus circular, with distinct additional thin loop of spermophor. Chelicerae with ventral lobe, dorsally flat, broad. Body shape of male shown on drawing below.
Integral part of the definition are drawings below.
REMARKS. Distributed in Central and South America, however, one species is found in Sarawak, another one in Madagascar.

COMPOSITION. The following species are transferred from genus Myrmarachne MacLeay, 1839: Myrmapeni borneensis (Peckham, Peckham, 1907) comb. n., M. chickeringi (Galiano, 1969) comb. n., M. diegoensis (Wanless, 1978) comb. n., M. penicillata (Mello-Leitao, 1933) comb. n., M. simplexella Roewer, 1951 comb. n., M. sumana (Galiano, 1974) comb. n.
REFERENCES. Galiano M. E. 1969. Vol. 3. N. 2. P. 107-148. Wanless F.R. 1978a. Vol. 33. N. 1. P.125-126. Figs 84a-g. Yamasaki T., Ahmad A.H. 2013. N. 3710. P. 514-515. Figs 10a-g.

Myrmapeni borneensis (170-174) + chickeringi (159-166) + diegoensis (167) + penicillata (168-169, 175-177), ( all comb. n. . Myrmarachne b. + c. + d. + p. + s.):. 159-162, 167-171 - male palps and tibia, ventral & lateral views; 162 - internal structure of epigyne; 163-166, 173-174, 176-177 - habitus of male and female, dorsal and lateral views; 172, 175 - chelicera. 167 - from Madagascar; 170-174 - from Borneo; 159-166 - from Panama; 168-169, 175-177 - from Brazil; 159-166, 168-169, 175-177 - after Galiano [1969], 167 - Wanless [1978]; 170-174 - after Yamasaki & Ahmad [2013].

b)
Myrmapeni simplexella +b) sumana (comb. n. Myrmarachne s. + s.) : Wanless 1978a. Bull. brit. Mus. nat. Hist.(Zool.), 33, (1):
121-123, ff. 81A-J.. +b) Galiano 1974b. Physis, Secc. C. 33 (87): 221-227, f. 1-12 + ©Photo Machado & Gasnier 2003.