RETURN TO DATABASE - ALTERNATIVE CLASSIFICATION
SALTICIDAE OF THE WORLD - Abstract - INDEX of Genera - FOREWORD & KEY to groups of genera! - AEURILLINES - Comparison HISTORICAL classification of Aelurilleae - AMYCINES- AMYCOIDA VARIA - ASTIAINES - BELIPPINES - CHRYSILLINES - COCALODINES - COLONINES [=Thiodinines] - DENDRYPHANTINES - DIOLENINES - EUOPHRYINES-PART 1 Introduction-Donoessus- EUOPHRYINES-PART 2 Echeclus-Pystira - EUOPHRYINES- PART 3 Rhyphelia-Zenodorus - EUPOAINES - EVARCHINES - FOSSILS - HABRONATTINES - HARMOCHIRINES - HELIOPHANINES - HISPONINES - HYLLINES - ICIINES - LAPSIINES - LIGONIPEINES - LYSSOMANINES - MENEMERINES - MYRMARACHNINES - NOTICIINES - PELLENINES - PSEUDICIINES - SIMAETHINES - SITTICINES - SPARTAEINES - THIRATOSCIRTINAE - YAGINUMAELLINES - YLLENINES - UNCLASSIFIED TEMPORARY - Maddison's views on Salticidae phylogeny 2014 - Omoedus synonymy
OUT OF DATE CLASSIFICATORY SYSTEMS -Simon's classification - Petrunkevich synthesis-1928 - Bonnet's list of subfamilies - Prˇszynski's revision of subfamilies 1976.

Monograph of the Salticidae (Araneae) of the World 1995-2015. Introduction to alternative classification of Salticidae
Classification of the Salticidae genera of the World
group of genera

MENEMERINES
by Jerzy Prószyński

Version December 31st, 2015
Note on illustrations. This introduction to classification of Salticidae includes only species defined by diagnostic illustrations in the taxonomic literature, arranged by similarities of embolus and spermophor. Images are displayed as thumbnails to save space and allow for rapid scanning of theoretically closely-related species. Thumbnails are small versions of illustrations in other parts of the monograph, whera are displayed together with particulars of their sources and permissions.

Gen. Menemerus Simon, 1868 (52 species)

Type species Menemerus semilimbatus.
DIAGNOSIS. MENEMERINES are recognizable by broad and fleshy basis of embolus, sitting laterally to bulbus, with tip either double or, if single, followed dorsally by white, unsclerotized structure, usually little visible and known. Ducts in epigyne usually heavily sclerotized. Palps comparable in all species, with fleshy basis of embolus sitting on lateral part of bulbus and running laterally to it, gradually tapering to sclerotized tip of embolus. Tip in some species forked, in other followed by similar branch, which in some species is white and has fleshy appearance. Tibia short, expanded transversally, with complicated apophyses. Internal structures of epigyne present common diagram: heavily sclerotized short ducts and simple spermathecae, of the other hand external appearance of epigyne can be rather different. Body appears robust, broad and flattened.Very speciose, Afro-Asiatic genus, with a few species cosmopolite in warm areas. Drawings below are integral part of the definition.

> Menemerus semilimbatus. Proszynski. Annales zoologici. 2003: 95-97, figs 375-385Br/> + ©Phot J. Lissner. By courtesy.
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Menemerus animatus + M. affinis : Proszynski.Ann. zool. 2003a: 90-91, figs 347-348, 357-359.
Wesolowska, van Harten, 2010 2010: 3: 37, f 31-36. By courtesy.
Menemerus arabicus Prˇszynski, 1993 .Fauna of Saudi Arabia. 13: 37-39, ff. 16-19, figs 345-346, 351-353+ 97, figs 347-348, 357-359. By courtesy.
Menemerus bifurcus Wesolowska, 1999. Genus, Wroclaw, 10(2): 262-266, figs 22-28, 30-34. By courtesy.
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Menemerus bivittatus (Dufour, 1831) Ann. zool., 2003: 97, figs 341-344. + Wesolowska W. 1999. Genus, 10(2): 267-271, figs 34-47 + Jaluiticola hesslei Roewer, 1944a: 9, f. 4 + Queensland: Brisbane. ©Phot R. Whyte . By courtesy.
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Menemerus brevibulbis : Proszynski 1984c: 84 (Lectotype) + Wesolowska 1999. Genus 10(2): 271-274, f 48-57. By courtesy.
>b)c)
Menemerus carlini +b) M. congoensis +c) cummingorum: Peckham, Peckham 1903 14 (1): tab. 23, figs 6-c + Wesolowska 1999b. Genus,, 10(2): 274-276, figs 58-61 +b) 276-279, figs 67-71, 72-77 +c) Wesolowska, 2007. Genus, 18(3): 518-520, f 1-7. By courtesy
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Menemerus congoensis Wesolowska 1999. Genus, 10(2): 276-279, figs 67-71, 72-77. By courtesy.
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Menemerus davidi :. Proszynski. Ann. zool. 2003a: 90-91, f 345-346, 351-353+ 97, f 347-348, 357-359 + Wesolowska. 1999. Genus, 10(2): 279-281, f 78-89. By courtesy.
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Menemerus desertus + M. dimidius Wesolowska W. 1999. Genus, 10(2): 283, figs 90-96. By courtesy
(Schmidt, 1976) Wesolowska W. 1999. Genus, 10(2): 283-285, figs 97-104. By courtesy.
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Menemerus eburnensis + M. errabundus Berland, Millot, 1941 Wesolowska W. 1999b. Genus, 10(2): 285-288, f 105-119 + Logunov, 2010 Bull. Br. arachnol. Soc. (2010) 15 (3), 15(3): 86, f 1-6. By courtesy.
Menemerus fagei: Proszynski. Ann. zool. 2003a:90-91, figs 345-346, 351-353+ 97, figs 347-348, 357-359. By courtesy.
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Menemerus falsificus + M. fulvus Simon, 1868 Proszynski 2003a. Annales zoologici: 97, figs 390-393. By courtesy
(Koch L., 1878) Bohdanowicz, Proszynski 1987.Annales zoologici, 41, 2: 92-96, figs 145-159. .
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Menemerus formosus + M. legalli + regius + M. guttatus Wes., 1999 Genus, 10(2): 292-294, f 134-141 + 10(2): 294-296, f 142-147+ 325-328, figs 245-251 + Berland, Millot, 1941 Mem. Mus. Nat. Hist. Natur. 12, 2: 350 f. 57.
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Menemerus illigeri + M. mauritanicus Proszynski 2003a. Annales zoologici: 94-95, figs 349-350, 354-356.
Proszynski 2003b (drawn prior to 1997), By courtesy.
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Menemerus lesnei + M. magnificus + M. lesserti + M. meridionalis Wesolowska 2006b. Afr. Ent., 14 (2): 243-244, f 78-82 + Wesolowska 1999b. Genus, 10(2): 304-305, f 177-181 + 300-302, f 162-170 + 302-304, f 171-176 + 307-309, f 188-191
Menemerus marginatus (Kroneberg, 1875) Proszynski J. 1979. Annales zoologici, 34: 313, f 200-206.
+ Ann. zool. 2003a:90-91, figs 345-346, 351-353+ 97, figs 347-348, 357-359. By courtesy.
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Menemerus minshullae + M. mirabilis Wesolowska, 1999 Genus, 10(2): 309-310, figs 192-196. + 306-307, f 182-186.
Wesolowska, 1999 Genus, 10(2): 319, f 197-209.By courtesy .
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Menemerus modestus + namibicus + natalis Wesolowska, 1999 Genus, 10(2): 313-314, f 210-213 + 314-315, f 214-216 + 317, f 217-222. By courtesy.
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Menemerus nigeriensis + nigli Wesolowska, Russel-Smith, 2011 Ann. zool. 61(3): 580-581, f 93-95 + Wesolowska, Freudenschuss, 2012 Balochistan. Holotype. Genus: 23(3): 449-453, f 3-6. By courtesy.
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Menemerus pallescens + paradoxus + patellaris Wesolowska, van Harten, 2007. Fauna of Arabia, 23: 38, f 103-105.
Wesolowska, van Harten, 1994. Yemeni-German Plant Prot. Proj., 86: 47, figs 99-100 + Wesolowska, van Harten, 2007 Fauna of Arabia, 23: 226-228, f 106-110. By courtesy.
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Menemerus pilosus + plenus + placidus + pulcher Wesolowska, 1999 Genus, 10(2): 318-320, f 225-231 + 320-321,
f 232-234 + Wesolowska, 1999. Genus, 10(2): 322-323, figs 235-238 + .323-325, figs 239-244. By courtesy.
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Menemerus rabaudi + rubicundus + sabulosus Berland, Millot, 1941. Mem. Mus. Nat. Hist. Natur., 12, 2: 352 f. 55A-C
Wesolowska, 1999 Genus, 10(2): 329, figs 252-255 + 329-330, figs 256-257. By courtesy.
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Menemerus silver + soldanii + tropicus: Wesolowska, 2007 Genus, 10(2): 333, f 268-269 + 334-336, figs 270-276 + 522-524, f 13-21. By courtesy.
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Menemerus taeniatus Proszynski J. 1979. Ann. zool., 34: 313, figs. 209-216. + 2003a. Ann. zool.. 97, figs 388-389.
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Menemerus transvaalicus + M. vernei Wesolowska, 1999. Genus, 10(2): 339-341, figs 284-296 + Proszynski 2003a.
Ann. zool.: 98, f 382-385 Berland, Millot, 1941. Mem. Mus. Nat. Hist. Natur. Paris, 12, 2: 353 f. 55D-G.By courtesy.
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Menemerus utilis + M. zimbabwensis : Wesolowska, 1999 Genus, 10(2): 341-342, figs 297-299 Wesolowska 1999.
Genus, 10(2): 342-344, figs 300-301 +2007. 18(3): 524-526, f 22-29. By courtesy.