RETURN TO DATABASE - ALTERNATIVE CLASSIFICATION
SALTICIDAE OF THE WORLD - Abstract - INDEX of Genera - FOREWORD & KEY to groups of genera! - AEURILLINES - Comparison HISTORICAL classification of Aelurilleae - AMYCINES- AMYCOIDA VARIA - ASTIAINES - BELIPPINES - CHRYSILLINES - COCALODINES - COLONINES [=Thiodinines] - DENDRYPHANTINES - DIOLENINES - EUOPHRYINES-PART 1 Introduction-Donoessus- EUOPHRYINES-PART 2 Echeclus-Pystira - EUOPHRYINES- PART 3 Rhyphelia-Zenodorus - EUPOAINES - EVARCHINES - FOSSILS - HABRONATTINES - HARMOCHIRINES - HELIOPHANINES - HISPONINES - HYLLINES - ICIINES - LAPSIINES - LIGONIPEINES - LYSSOMANINES - MENEMERINES - MYRMARACHNINES - NOTICIINES - PELLENINES - PSEUDICIINES - SIMAETHINES - SITTICINES - SPARTAEINES - THIRATOSCIRTINAE - YAGINUMAELLINES - YLLENINES - UNCLASSIFIED TEMPORARY - Maddison's views on Salticidae phylogeny 2014 - Omoedus synonymy
OUT OF DATE CLASSIFICATORY SYSTEMS -Simon's classification - Petrunkevich synthesis-1928 - Bonnet's list of subfamilies - Prˇszynski's revision of subfamilies 1976.
Monograph of the Salticidae (Araneae) of the World 1995-2014
Introduction to alternative classification of Salticidae

Classification of the Salticidae genera of the World
group of genera

AELURILLINES

by Jerzy Prószyński
Version December 31st, 2015

Disclaimer,This is a work in progress, continually being developed and revised. Proposed taxonomic names included here are not valid unless subsequently published in accepted taxonomic papers. Note on illustrations. This introduction to classification of Salticidae includes only species defined by diagnostic illustrations in the taxonomic literature, arranged by similarities of embolus and spermophor. Images are displayed as thumbnails to save space and allow for rapid scanning of theoretically closely-related species. Thumbnails are small versions of illustrations in other parts of the monograph, whera are displayed together with particulars of their sources and permissions.

Gen. Rafalus Prˇszynski, 1999 (15 species)

Type species Rafalus christophori.
DIAGNOSIS. Confront to general characteristics of AELURILLINES which have the whole bulbus covered by opaque sclerotized tegulum and a coil of embolus hidden behind anterior part of tegulum, from where only its tip protrudes. Bulbus usually ends posteriorly by sharp pointed triangle, sometimes with narrow "tail". There is often also a small, conical protuberance ("bump") on tegulum. Tibial apophysis is short and robust, sometimes sclerotized and hook like, often accompanied dorsally by fleshy protuberance. Female epigyne, usually in a form of sclerotized flat plate, with indistinct, small copulatory openings, but often with sclerotized "wings" or edges, sclerotized chambers of spermathecae in a form of a pair of compact bodies with convoluted internal chambers, or a chain of irregular chambers. Copulatory ducts are sclerotized, or short and indistinct, even invisible.
More detailed features of the genus include
bulbus narrower than in other genera, with its posterior, triangular part longer. Tibial apophysis single, narrow with pointed tip. Cymbium and palpal tibia covered by fur of long setae, mixed white and dark. Epigyne unusual for this group of genera, with translucent posterior median pocket, openings posterior, located at ends of narrow posterior depression. Ducts broad, thinwalled, in a form of broad semiarches, or "S" like, runs laterally along posterior half of epigyne. Spermathecae anterior, arranged transversally, heavily sclerotized, their shape resembles compressed letter "C". Color pattern seem more vivid than in other genera, with areas of yellow and reddish, apart from dark ones, clypeus contrasting, anterior surfaces of patella and tibia I are black, light reflecting (see color photo of Rafalus insignitus). Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

Rafalus christophori : Proszynski 2003a. Ann. zool.. 53, 1: 135, f 536-542. By courtesy.y
+b)
Rafalus feliksi + c) karskii : Proszynski 1999. Arthr. Sel., 8(2): 94-95, f 13-14 + +c) 95-96, f 17-21 +b) Wesolowska,
van Harten. UAE, 2010: 3: 3: 55, f 76-82. By courtesy
Rafalus stanislawi : Proszynski 1999. Arthr. Sel., 8(2): : 96-98, f 22-29. + © Photo B. Knoflach. By courtesy
+
Rafalus insignipalpis : Proszynski, 1987. Atlas ...: 37 + Wesolowska W., van Harten A. 2002. Fauna of Arabia 19: 384,
f 52-60, phots 5-6 [© Photos by B. Knoflach]. By courtesy
b) c)
Rafalus arabicus b) desertus c) minimus : Wesolowska, van Harten. UAE, 2010: 3: 51, pl 20-21, f 67-73 +b) .55, pl 22, f 74-75 +c) 56, pl 23, f 83-86. By courtesy.
+
Rafalus lymphus : Prochniewicz M., Heciak S. 1994. Ann. zool., 45: 34-35, f 1a-f + © Photo B. Knoflach. By courtesy
b)c)
d)e) f)
Rafalus nigritibiis +b) sp 1 +c) sp 2 +d) sp 3 +e) wittmeri +f) variegatus : Proszynski 1987. Atlas ...: 1 +b) Proszynski 1999.
Arthr. Sel., 8(2): 98, f 30-31 +c) 98, f 32-33 +d) 100, f 34-35 +e) Proszynski 1978a. Ent. bas., Basel, 3, 7: 9-10, f 1-3
+f) Logunov, Rakov 1998.Arthr. Sel., 7(2): 134, f 54-57. By courtesy