ACTUALIZING NOTE. The database below become from December 31st, 2015 Part II, complemented by new Part I - entitled "Introduction to Alternative Classification of Salticidae" serving as a guide to quick and easy identification of genera, and to survey diversity of species within each genus. To facilitate searching by morphological characters, genera are divided arbitrarily into informal groups of genera, they may be also found electronically with a help of Interactive Index of Genera.

I - About this database

This "Monograph ..." purports to be a taxonomic research tool for studies on Salticidae and an educational facility. For each species it provides diagnostic drawings and photographs for comparison, literature quotations, outlines of their geographical distribution and collection repository data. Its structure of relational database MSQL allows for quick searches of interrelated data. The small illustrations can be enlarged, their comparison between different species can be facilitated by loading the database twice, side by side, on a single screen. Database of the “Monograph …” summarizes data contained in more than 2,144 publications and collections of photographs, and 58 collections of specimens, created by 10 generations of arachnologists over a period of 250 years. It contains data on more than 6,420 nominal species - including 1,876 species having diagnostic illustrations for both sexes, 2,415 with drawings for only one sex. 1,577 species have no diagnostic drawings and cannot therefore be recognized. The database also contains 524 "species" that have not yet been described and constitute raw material for future descriptions. In reality, the number of recognizable species is even smaller, owing to the inadequate quality of many of the original drawings. My subjective evaluation of the reliability of the current state of knowledge of particular species is expressed by designating them as accepted, incompletely known, inquireda, dubious, nomina nuda and nomina museorum. These are defined as follows: Accepted – species in which both sexes have diagnostic drawings, or photographs, displayed in the database; Incomplete – species in which specimens of only one sex have diagnostic drawings, or photographs, displayed in the database; Inquireda – species for which no adequate diagnostic drawings, or photographs are displayed in the database - BUT for which whereabouts of type (or at least authoritatively identified) specimens is localized, which permits future redescription; Dubius – species for which exist no adequate diagnostic drawings, or photographs, and whereabouts of type specimens is not localized; Nomina nuda – specific names mentioned in the literature but having no published description (labels which sometimes discriminate species with sufficient information but presented in an unusual way); Nomina museorum – specimens kept in some collection, named but without published description; Undescribed - specimens having drawings, or photographs available in the database for future identification and/or description. I propose some changes in classification and in synonymy, pending confirmation by further research. As a resource for future taxonomists, unpublished data on diversity (forms undescribed, or only partially identified) are provisionally provided.
The preliminary classification of genera into supergeneric groupings is based on the latest publications, supplemented by highly speculative, provisional filling of existing gaps.  

Navigating the database

The efficient use of all resources and facilities in this relational database will require some time spent learning how to use it because of its size and complication. The database is accessible in three versions: two "dynamic" on the Internet and on DVDs, on which all search facilities are available, and the static "printout" pdf version of selected parts, read only, which can be downloaded directly from the Internet, although with the current version running at 3731 pages it is rather large for printing, and intended rather for storage on hard disc, or DVD.

The first page of the dynamic parts, which opens after loading the title page, is the initial selection of search of facilities which includes, among others:
Search a taxon - selection of taxa from genus to subspecies, also subfamilies and higher (provisional) taxa, list their contents, select display of miniatures (thumbnails) of diagnostic drawings, permits the selection of synonyms and state of knowledge. Attention: when starting a new search all letter selectors should be set to ALL.
Taxon by tree - alphabetical list of genera (but without possibility of displaying thumbnails), leading to display of lists of species and species pages.
Search a publication - lists of papers, by names of authors and years, resulting in the display of full bibliographic data, including a list of species mentioned in each paper (with the possibility of showing thumbnails) and the relevant species pages.
Search a collection - list of collections of Salticidae, resulting in the display of a list of species in each collection (with the possibility of showing thumbnails) and the relevant species pages.
Geographic distribution - showing lists of species (with the possibility of showing thumbnails) on each continent (or areas of continental size), countries (or areas of country size) and regions of countries, resulting in the display of relevant species pages.
Search photos/drawings - by taxa or geographic area.
Links to some other www Salticidae pages.
The basic unit is the Species page, which contains all data concerning a particular species (geographic distribution, publications, synonyms, collections), linked to related pages, permitting the viewing of related data and also return to the species pages.

Some simplification of quotations from the literature
in the present Monograph

In the preparation of this database I have introduced some changes to the traditional way in which scientific names and bibliographic data are normally cited . As these are unlikely to receive general acceptance in future taxonomic literature, they have little chance of being used outside this database.
1. The form of scientific names in zoology is mandated obligatorily by the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, e.g.:
Sitticus palustris (Peckham et Peckham, 1888), however, because of the difficulty in programming the database for species having more than 2 authors, which often happens nowadays. I replaced here "et" or "&” with a comma "," =  Sitticus palustris (Peckham, Peckham, 1888).
2. I simplified quotations of combinations and synonyms by removing redundant stops and commas, thus: Sitticus palustris Peckham & Peckham, 1909: 519, pl. 43, f. 3, pl. 44, f. 4. becomes Sitticus palustris Peckham, Peckham, 1909: 519, t 43, f 3; t 44, f 4.
3. Difficulties of programming the database, which automatically arranges names alphabetically by their three first letters, forced me to amend the customary way of writing Author's names, e.g.: C.L. Koch becomes Koch C.L. and L. Koch becomes Koch L. Similarly (also for the sake of users suffering from dyslexia): F.O. P.-Cambridge (=Frederic Octavius Pickard-Cambridge) becomes Pickard-Cambridge F. and O. P.-Cambridge (= Octavius Pickard-Cambridge) becomes Pickard-Cambridge O.
4. Complicated quotations of Authors of species, different than Author(s) of the original publication, customarily quoted courteously e.g.: Doenitz et Strand, in Boesenberg and Strand, 1906 are replaced by quotations of the Authors of the publication only: Boesenberg, Strand, 1906, complemented by an additional comment: “description credited to Doenitz et Strand”, in an appropriate field. I reason that the function of Author’s names is to direct the user to a published source of a description, rather than to pay honor to a the discoverer of a taxon. Consequently some Authors of taxa appear now different from those generally accepted e.g.: Yllenus arenarius Menge in Simon, 1868 becomes Yllenus arenarius Simon, 1868; (Comment: description credited to Menge).
5. There are two kinds of reference dates quoted in the literature: nominal date (i.e. printed on the front page of a volume, or a part of it) and nomenclatural validity date, defined by the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature as the first day of circulation of a paper. The latter is needed on very rare occasions for establishing priority among synonymic names, but they are difficult to determine, often requiring special research. There are often difference in date of publication and species in the two most important Catalogues: those by Bonnet and by Roewer (and those that continued from the latter - Brignoli and Platnick). It is of scientific interest to have a reference date, but use of the nominal date is the easier of the two.
In this database I begin to quote provisionally both the nominal date and the [nomenclatural validity date], the latter in square brackets (in some cases in different order) for each taxon, and publication, for which there are two dates in the literature. This system will be continued until some consensus can be reached among taxonomists, after which one of these dates could be eliminated.
An example of both kinds of dates:
an important " Catalogue of jumping spiders of northern Asia ..." by Logunov and Marusik is often quoted with the date 2001, while the date on page 1 (title page), page 2, and on page 300 (the last one) is given as 2000. However, at the bottom of page 300 there is also witten  in small letters in Russian "Podpisano v pechat' 28.12.2000" [translated as "accepted for print on December 28th, 2000"] - from which one can deduce that since printing takes several weeks, the volume apparently appeared in printed form during the year 2001.

Chinese names

Many Chinese Authors have identical family names and differ by abbreviations of their given names, like: Li, A., Li, D., Li, G., Li, S., Li, Y. - this lead to misunderstanding when names are customarily written without given names as abbreviations (as in species names, or in bibliographic quotations). A solution seems to include abbreviations into the family names (following the precedent of Koch C.L. and Koch L.) like: Li A., Li D., Li G., Li S., Li Y. But which version of the abbreviation should be quoted? A good explanation of this was given to me by Dr. Shuqiang Li, in a private letter.
"... Yes, my given name are Shu Qiang. However, it is hard to say my given name are two words and one word because the meaning of Chinese "word" are different to that of English "word". To better under stand that Shu Qiang is my given name, we were asked to write as Shuqiang, and for all Chinese they know this is my given name, and for the people in western countries this is also easy to understand. I use the name "Shuqiang Li" in the last years, including the time when I studied in Stuttgart (1992-1998), and later. In general, I will write my name as "Shuqiang Li", and abbreviate as "S. Li". Dr "Zhonge Hou" (a lady) should abbreviate as "Z. Hou". Meanwhile, "S.Q. Li" and "Z.E. Hou" are not correct.".
I have also consulted on this matter with Dr Daikin Li, and in this database will abbreviate Chinese names in the following way: Li S. and Li D., the abbreviation of a given name written together with family name.

OTHER WWW SALTICIDAE PAGES -World Spider Catalog. NH Museum Bern (formerly by Norman Platnick) - Keys and checklists of Salticidae of selected countries by Jerzy Prószyński, 2008 (for Poland, Ukraine, European Russia, Turkey, Israel and China - some in national languages) - Tree of Life: Salticidae, by Wayne Maddison. - of America North of Mexico by Wayne Maddison - Peckhamia page - by Peckhams Society (ed. by David Hill )  - working page on Australian spiders edited by R. Whyte. - slides show of Australian spiders by R. Whyte. photography info - expert advice on how to photography spiders by R. Whyte. - a collection of videos on Salticidae of North America, and some other spectacular animals - by Dick Walton. - Photos of spiders and insect from Malaysia (Peninsula, Danum Valley, Maliau Basin) British Arachnological Society Site Map Australian spiders by Ed Nieuwenhuys - Spiders of Northwest Europe, by Ed Nieuwenhuys - Guide to French Salticidae, by Yvan Montardi - Arachnida:Araneae:Salticidae by Heiko Metzner - Jumping Spider Study Center of Japan, by Hiroyoshi Ikeda - California Habronattus Homepage, by Marshal Hedin - Salticid section of Arachnology Homepage, by William Piel & Herman Vanuytven - Spiders of Europe and Greenland: part Salticidae, by J. Lissner - Videos of N American Salticidae - Dick Walton "Natural History Services" - spiders of Europe, by Wolfgang Nentwig, Theo Blick, Daniel Gloor, Ambros Hänggi & Christian Kropf - Fauna Europea.  - personal www page of D.V.Logunov  - personal www page of G.N. Azarkina - "Salticidologist" page  - Salticidae page in Barcode of Life Database Bold Systems. Salticidae - in: The Checklist of the Spiders of Iran (Arachnida: Araneae) --- Version 2015.
View maps in 3D with the Google Earth Plugin

Original texts of publications could be found in the Peckham Society, monumental work of Eugene Simon 1901-1903 online is at, by courtesy of J.-C. Ledoux. Page of the Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society Many other texts are available on numerous www sites of particular Journals, Publishers and Institutions.
ATTENTION: new www sites dealing with Salticidae and collections of photos keep appearing in the Internet.

Validity as publication 

Because of various subjective additions, for which the Author is solely responsible, the "Monograph ..." is not only a collection of borrowed data, but a personal electronic publication of the Author.

The present 2011 version of the "Monograph ..." is the updated continuation of the "Monograph of the Salticidae (Araneae) of the World" 1995-2009, which has been available on the Internet in subsequent semiannual versions since 1995 and has become an official electronic publication, (as defined by the 1999 edition of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature [Chapter 3, Article 7, Par 8.6]) in 2003, and again recently, with the publication date June 30th, 2007 (ISBN 978-83-881470-6-7).
The DVD copies of this publication are deposited in:
1) the Library, Muzeum i Instytut Zoologii, Polska Akademia Nauk, ul. Wilcza 64, 00-679, Warszawa, Poland (from which copies could be also obtained);
2) the Library, Natural History Museum (British Museum), London, UK;
3) the Library, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle - Paris; 4) the Library, Senckenbergische Naturforschende Gesellschaft - Frankfurt a. Main;
5) the American Museum of Natural History - New York;
6) Biblioteka Narodowa - Warszawa.
and will be also sent to some other Libraries.
Copies of this publication on DVD are available at the Library, Muzeum i Instytut Zoologii, Polska Akademia Nauk, ul. Wilcza 64, 00-679, Warszawa, Poland. Free access (on currently updated version) on Internet at

Disclaimer. Because of automatic functions of the computer, some data in this database may get mixed up. To ensure accuracy the user is advised to check data against Platnick's World Spider Catalogue, which is particularly reliable.

Copyright © for each drawing and photograph included in this monograph
(all reproduced here with permission) is retained by the original copyright holders.

Copyright © 2012 for the “Monograph …” as a whole by Jerzy Prószynski.
Individual users are herewith granted a restricted license to copy and to distribute the monograph
for personal, or for nonprofit, noncommercial purposes.