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Salticidae: Diagnostic Drawings Library
by Jerzy Proszynski 2005
Pellenes on a shell suspended on thread
In memoriam the late Dr. Izabel Mikulska *
who 50 years ago described curious behavior of a Pellenes
making retreats and cocoons in empty snail shells,
hosited on threads and suspended on grasses.
Spider also jumped on insects flying by.
Copyright © and
phot by Dr. Heiko Bellmann - kindly given for the
purpose of displaying here
Below: specimens from
St. Maria Navarese, Sardinia by Dr. Heiko Metzner, identified as Pellenes
Original photographs from St. Maria Navarese, Sardinia by Dr. Heiko Metzner.
To return to drawing click on photograph :
Izabela Mikulska was a Professor of Zoology at Nicolaus Copernicus University
in Torun, Poland. She described her observations in a paper:
I. 1961. Parental care in a rare spider Pellenes nigrociliata (L. Koch)
var. bilunulata Simon. Nature (London), 190: 365-366. Unfortunately I was
not able to confirm examination of her specimens. Assuming
her identification was correct I studied types of concerned species
(unfortuntely these were only females)
in a paper: Proszynski J. 1971e. Notes on systematics of Salticidae (Aranei).
I-VI. Annales zoologici, Warszawa, 28: : 244-248, f 33-44 [types of P. nigrociliatus
and P. bilunilatus]. Earlier Zimmermann observed hidding cocoons of Attus
nigrocillatus in twisted dry leaves suspended on threads, which was quoted
by L. Koch 1875.
Source: Original photographs from St. Maria Navarese, Sardinia by Dr. Heiko Metzner. Copyright © and phot by Dr. Heiko Metzner.
Copyright © and phot by Dr. Heiko Metzner. Copyright © for the page by J. Proszynski, 1999.