[List of Genera]
Comparison of Drawings]
[Regional Keys to Genera]
[Descriptions of New Taxa]
[See also Catalogue of Salticidae: Havaika gen. n.
[Genus: Havaika - List of Species]
Descriptions of New Taxa
A Supplement to Salticidae Diagnostic Drawings Library
by Jerzy Proszynski 2000
Descriptions of new species, in preparation for print, made provisionally available for the Users of the Diagnostic Drawings Library because of long delay in publication.
Attention: the International Code for Zoological Nomenclature does not recognize taxonomic names unless description is printed on paper. However 1999 edition of the Code recognizes such description on certain conditions which include depositing disk in 5 recognized libraries. This condition is fulfilled for the June 2000 version.
Havaika gen. n. Proszynski (in preparation)
See List of Species
See Drawings of the type species
Diagnosis. Diagnosis. Jumping spiders of variable size, usually medium, but smallest species seen was 1,98 mm long, the largest 10 mm; of generalized shape and structure. Male palp of generalized shape, with oval bulbus, gently bent embolus and simple, conical tibial apophysis, which may be indistinctly bent or wavy; pedipalpal tibia appears long, usually about equal in length to cymbium, or longer. Females epigynum with anterior membraneous, white "window", divided in the middle by sclerotized vaginal roof of shape presumably variable within a species; differing from several similar genera by internal structure, devoid of median sclerotized "loops", but not as compact as in Habronattus. Legs formula is I, IV=III, II in both sexes, but in males legs I are distinctly longer, in females only very indistinctly. The genus is endemic to Hawaiian and Marquesas Archipelagoes.
Havaika seem closely related to the Old World genera Bianor Peckham et Peckham, 1885, Harmochirus Simon, 1885 and Modunda Simon, 1901; female genital organs resemble also American genus Habronattus F. P.-Cambridge, 1901 (whose males are distinctly different) and, to a lesser degree, Pellenes Simon, 1876.
Etymology of the name: modified ancient Polynesian name Havaiki of Hawaii, actually meaning "Home Land" (information from a novel "Hawaii" by James Mitchener). For the nomenclatorical purpose the name Havaika is considered to be a female gender. Consequently spelling of specific names (epithets) listed below should be changed from male to female gender.
Type species: Havaika jamiesoni sp. n. Proszynski (in preparation).
Primitive Key to differenciate among type specimens examined in 1998
The following nominal species are congeneric with type species Havaika jamiesoni sp. n., and are hereby transfered to the genus Havaika:
Sandalodes albociliatus Simon 1900.
Sandalodes canosus Simon 1900
Sandalodes cruciatus Simon 1900
Sandalodes flavipes Berland 1933
Sandalodes navatus Simon, 1900
Sandalodes nigrolineatus Berland 1933
Sandalodes pubens Simon 1900
Sandalods seniculus Simon, 1900
Sandalodes triangulifer Berland 1933
Sandalodes validus Simon 1900
Sandalodes verecundus Simon 1900
Sandalodes rufescens Berland 1934: 334 f. 14-17 belongs apparently to the genus Habronattus F. P.-Cambridge, 1901.
There is a number of species apparently new amd deservinh description.
and a number of other.
A. SPECIES SMALL - pedipalpal tibi shorter ........verecunda
M - clypeus reduced to nil, dark, 3 vertical lines of white
setae along chelicerae [l. cpht. .96, l. abd. 1.02 mm]
F - clypeus covered with dense band of whitish setae, some overchanging chelicerae [l. cpht. .96, l. abd. 1.14 mm]
1- embolus longer, basis of embolus in 1/2 of length of bulbus
C4. Havaika cruciata
- embolus shorter, basis of embolus in 1/3 of length of bulbus
C4. Havaika senicula
C4. Havaika verecunda
B. SPECIES LARGE. pedipalpal tibia long/ basis of embolus in a half length of bulbus - or lower
C4. Havaika albociliata
C4. Havaika pubens
C4. Havaika valida
Copyright © for the page by J. Proszynski, 2000.