SALTICIDAE OF THE WORLD - KEY to groups of genera! - INDEX of Genera
KEYS TO INDIAN SUBCONTINENT -KEY to groups of genera of INDIAN SUBCONTINENT - INDEX to Indian genera - Aelurillinae of India - Chrysillinae of India - Dendryphantinae of India - Euophryinae of India - Eupoainae of India - Evarchinae of India - Harmochirinae of India - Heliophaninae of India - Hyllinae of India - Iciinae of India - Lyssomaninae of India - Menemerinae of India - Myrmarachninae of India - Noticiinae of India - Pelleninae of India - Pseudiciinae of India - Simaethinae of India - Sitticinae of India - Spartaeinae of India - YAGINUMAELLINAE-India - Ylleninae of India - Unclassified-TEMPORARY of India - REFERENCES to Salticidae of India - Literature quotation proposals.- Maddison's views on Salticidae phylogeny 2014 - Omoedus synonymy
OUT OF DATE CLASSIFICATORY SYSTEMS -Simon's classification - Petrunkevich synthesis-1928 - Bonnet's list of subfamilies - Prószynski's revision of subfamilies 1976.

Monograph of the Salticidae (Araneae) of the World 1995-2014
Introduction to alternative classification of Salticidae
a subchapter

A Key to Salticidae of the Indian Subcontinent
group of genera
trial version

by Jerzy Prószyński & John T.D. Caleb
Version June 7th, 2015

Disclaimer. This is a work in progress, continually being developed and revised. Proposed new taxonomic names, included here are not valid unless subsequently published in accepted taxonomic papers. Note on images. This introduction to a classification includes only species defined by diagnostic illustrations in the taxonomic literature and Internet, arranged by similarities of embolus and spermophor. Images are displayed as thumbnails to save space and allow for rapid scanning of supposedly closely-related species. Thumbnails are small versions of illustrations in other parts of the monograph, where are displayed together with particulars of their sources and permissions.


SITTICINAE are recognizable by cheliceral dentition with multi cusp [saw-like] tooth on prolateral [anterior] edge of chelicerae, while retrolateral [posterior] edge is not developed and devoid of teeth. That dentition is characteristic for more than 70 species of Sitticus, in related S American groups of genera there may be some teeth on retrolateral edge as well. All SITTICINAE, and related groups of genera, have prominent “S” shaped loop of spermophor, translucent in the center of tegulum, next following the contour of bulbus, before narrowing and entering embolus. Embolus originate smoothly from broader basis at the posterior, or lateral, part of bulbus, running pressed to bulbus, gradually tapering until become hair thin, encircling bulbus partially or entirely. Spermathecae are elongate oval, usually bent into half loop resembling a sausage. Copulatory ducts thinner walled (but not membranous), join spermathecae in its mid-lenght, they may be either short, or make longer loop, in some cases make very complicated knot of loops. Color pattern often include a pair of white abdominal spots.

Note on geographical distribution. SITTICINAE group of genera is represented in Europe and temperate Asia by single genus Sitticus, which underwent intensive radiation in Palaearctic Region, and is represented in New World by a small number of relatively recent migrants. Its roots, however, are in S America from where it begun migrations to N America milions of years ago (Maddison et al. 2007). A few species are known from Central Asian Mountains, there are also a few photographs of presumably Sitticus, including one species from Maharashtra. Taxonomic and zoogeographical research on Sitticus was carried out by Prószynski (1968d, 1971a, 1973a, 1980b, 1983a, 1987), important molecular data and interpretations were given by Maddison et al. (2003b, 2007).

Color pattern diversity in the genus Sitticus

Gen. Sitticus Simon, 1901

Type species Sitticus terebratus.
In Indian Subcontinent known heretofore from Central Asia Mountains.

Sitticus terebratus : Proszynski 1968d. Ann. zool. 26: 396-399, f 1-2, 4-8 + © Photo J. Lissner. TYPE SPECIES. By courtesy.
Sitticus (distinguendus group) distinguendus : Proszynski 1987a. Atlas ...: 94-95 + © Photo J. Lissner. By courtesy.
Sitticus (distinguendus group) ansobicus (+ S. "pubescens" by Caporiacco) : Proszynski 1987a. Atlas ...: 88-89
[Central Asia High Mountains]. By courtesy.
Sitticus (distinguendus group) avocator: Proszynski 1987a. Atlas ...: 90-92 (diversity) [E Palaearctis incl. Ladakh, Kashmir].
Sitticus (distinguendus group) niveosignatus : Proszynski 1987a. Atlas ...: 97 + Zabka 1980a. Senck. biol., 60 (3/4): 241-247,
f 1-19. [China, Himalaya]. By courtesy.
Sitticus (floricola group) floricola : Proszynski J. 1980 Annales zoologici, 36: 10-13, f 3-4, 10-14, 20-21
+ © Photo J. Lissner. By courtesy. [Palaearctics, N America].
Sitticus (floricola group) caricis : Proszynski J. 1980 Annales zoologici, 36: 18-20, f 1-2, 7, 60-63.
© Photo J. Lissner. By courtesy.
[Palaearctics, N America?].
Sitticus sp [Maharas] : Maharashtra: Matheran, Raigad. Nov. 2014. ©Photo S. Sarang. By courtesy..
Sitticus sp [Shazia] + sp [India 1] : ©Photo S. Quasin [Nanda Devi Res. 2000-4000 m, Uttarakhand]
+b) © Photo Dr. S. Chakrabarti. By courtesy.
Sitticus pubescens :Zabka 1997. Fauna Polski 19: 5-187, f 346-351 + Proszynski 1987: 97 + Kaston 1948. 70: 460, t. 91,
f 1692-94 + © Photo J. Lissner. By courtesy.
[Palaearctics, N America].
Sitticus (pubescens group) relictarius : Proszynski 1987. Atlas ...: 99-100 (Sitticus sp. from Naltschik,
paratypes) + Logunov 1998. Zoosyst. Ros.,7(1): 78, f 7-10. By courtesy. [ Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran].
Sitticus (saxicola gr.) saxicola : Proszynski 1968d. Ann. zool. 26: 396-399, f 1-2, 4-8 + © Photo Lissner [Europe].