RETURN TO DATABASE - ALTERNATIVE CLASSIFICATION
SALTICIDAE OF THE WORLD
- 0-INDEX of Genera - 01-FOREWORD & KEY to groups of genera! - 02-Comparison - HISTORICAL classification of Aelurilleae - 03-AEURILLINES - 04-AMYCINES- 05-AMYCOIDA VARIA - 06-ASTIAINES - BALLINES - 07-BELIPPINES - 08-CHRYSILLINES - 09-COCALODINES - 10-COLONINES[=Thiodinines] - 11-DENDRYPHANTINES - 12-DIOLENINES - EUODENINES - 13-EUOPHRYINES-PART 0: Introduction-Diversity - 13-EUOPHRYINES-PART 1: Admestina-Donoessus - 14-EUOPHRYINES-PART 2: Echeclus-Pystira - 15-EUOPHRYINES-PART 3: Rhyphelia-Zenodorus - 16-EUPOAINES - 17-EVARCHINES - 18-FOSSILS - 19-HABRONATTINES - 20-HARMOCHIRINES - 21-HELIOPHANINES - 22-HISPONINES - 23-HYLLINES - 24-ICIINES - 25-LAPSIINES - 26-LIGONIPEINES - 27-LYSSOMANINES - 28-MENEMERINES - 29-MYRMARACHNINES - 30-NOTICIINES - 31-PELLENINES - 32-PSEUDICIINES - 33-SIMAETHINES - 34-SITTICINES - 35-SPARTAEINES - 35a-SYNAGELINES - 36-THIRATOSCIRTINAE - 37-YAGINUMAELLINES - 38-YLLENINES - 39-UNCLASSIFIED TEMPORARY
APPENDICES -AP1-Simon's classification - AP2-Petrunkevich synthesis-1928 - AP3-Bonnet's list of subfamilies - AP4-Prˇszynski's revision of subfamilies 1976 - AP5-Prˇszynski - summary of results - AP6-Aelurillus black & gray - AP7-Maddison's views on Salticidae phylogeny 2014 - MS1-Omoedus synonymy

MADDISON'S ALTERNATIVE: Tittle_pg Index Introduction Agoriini Aelurillina Asemoneinae Amycini Amycoida-incertae sedis Astiini Ballini Baviini Bredini Chrysillini Cocalodini Dendryphantina Euophryini-1 Euophryini-2 Euophryini-3 Eupoinae Freyina Gophoini Harmochirina Hasariini Hisponinae Holcolaetina Huriini Itatina Lapsiini Leptorchestini Lyssomaninae Marpissina Mopsini Myrmarachnini Nannenini Neonini Onomastinae Plexippina Salticini Sarindini Scopocirini Simaethina Simonellini Sitticini Spartaeina Synagelina Thiodinini Thiratoscirtina Tisanibini Viciriini Salticidae-incertae sedis

Monograph of the Salticidae (Araneae) of the World 1995-2015. Part I: Introduction to alternative classification of Salticidae.

Jerzy Prˇszyński
33 - SIMAETHINES GROUP OF GENERA
Version July 1st, 2016.
Sources and permissions of illustrations, also references, are displayed in the IInd part of the monograph http://www.peckhamia.com/salticidae/

Index. Type genus Simaetha .
Heratemita Iona Irura Ligurra Phyaces Poecilorchestes Simaetha Simaethula Simaethulina Stergusa Stertinius Uroballus
.
(51 species)

Introduction

SIMAETHINES are relatively uniform looking spiders, with carapace trapezium shaped, flattened dorsally and with abrupt posterior wall. Palps uniform, having oval bulbus with prominent spermophor encircling it. Embolus short, elongate triangular, arising from bulbus antero-laterally. Spermathecae simple spherical chamber or two chambers, copulatory ducts short. Differs from Rhene by genital organs. Drawings below are integral part of definition.

Guide to identification of genera by male palps

Guide to identification of genera by internal structure of epigyne

Guide to identification of genera by superficial appearance of epigyne

Guide to identification of genera by body shape

Guide to identification of genera by body color

Gen. Heratemita Strand, 1932 (3 species)

Type species Heratemita chrysozona.
Drawings below are integral part of definition.

b)
Heratemita chrysozona + b) tenenbaumi : Proszynski 1984c: 158 +b) Prˇszynski, Deeleman-Reinhold, 2012. Arthr. select. 21(1): 40, f 59-65. By courtesy.
Heratemita alboplagiata : Proszynski 1987: 41-42. By courtesy.

Gen. Iona Peckham, Peckham, 1886 (1 species)

Type species Iona nigrovittata .
Drawings below are integral part of definition.

>
Iona nigrovittata : Proszynski Internet. (I. n. syn. Erasmia n. Type, Tonga Is., 8337, Mus. Hamburg) + Keyserling 1882: 1351, t 114, f 7 (Erasmia nigrovittata Tonga Is. Mus. Godeffroy). By courtesy.
REMARK: pictured species do not seem even congeneric.

Gen. Irura Peckham, Peckham, 1901 (11 species)

Type species Irura pulchra.
REMARKS. Peng & Xie, 1994a: 27 synonymized Kinhia with Irura and transferred all species accordingly. However, Irura has different spermathecae (see I. mandarina), while Kinhia has striking, long spur extending from posterior cymbium over tibia. As spermathecae in these spiders are poorly documented, and males of type species of Irura is not known, the matter of synonymy should be checked again when more data will become available.
Drawings below are integral part of definition.

+b)c)
Irura pulchra + b) mandarina + c) bicolor : Peckhams 1900. Bull. Wisc. Nat. Hist. 1(4): 227, pl II. f 3-3c + Proszynski
1984c. Atlas ...: 154 + b) Zabka 1985. Ann. zool., 39, 11: 233, f 241-245 + c) 232-233, f 236-240. By courtesy.
b)c)
Irura prima + b) bidenticulata + c) pengi : Zabka 1985. Annales zoologici, 39, 11: 233-234, ff. 246-250 [Kinhia prima] +b) Guo J., Zhang F., Zhu M. 2011b. A. arachn. 60: 89, f 1-10 +c) 91, f 11-16. By courtesy.
Irura hamatapophysis : Peng X., Xie L., Xiao X., Yin C. 1993. 99-101, ff. 314-322. By courtesy.
Irura trigonapophysis : Peng X., Xie L., Xiao X., Yin C. 1993. 99-101, ff. 314-322. By courtesy.
Irura longiochelicera: Peng X., Xie L., Xiao X., Yin C. 1993. 99-101, ff. 314-322. By courtesy ..
Irura yueluensis : Peng X., Xie L., Xiao X., Yin C. 1993. 105-106, ff. 344-353. By courtesy.
Irura yueluensis : Peng X., Xie L., Xiao X., Yin C. 1993. 103-104, ff. 334-343. By courtesy.
Irura yunnanensis : Peng X., Xie L., Xiao X., Yin C. 1993. 103-104, ff. 334-343. By courtesy.

Gen. Ligurra Simon, 1903 (3 species)

Type species Ligurra latidens.
Drawings below are integral part of definition.

>>
Ligurra latidens : Proszynski 1984c. Atlas ...: 77. . By courtesy. © Photo H. K. Tang + Koh J. 1989: 109. By courtesy.
Ligurra moniensis : Prószyński, Deeleman-Reinhold, 2010. Arthr. sel., 19(3): 173, 101-106. By courtesy.
Ligurra opelli : Berry, Beatty, Proszynski 1997. J. Arachnology. 25(2): 128-129, f 75-80. By courtesy.

Gen. Phyaces Simon, 1902 (1 species)

Type species Phyaces comosus.
Drawings below are integral part of definition.

>+
Phyaces comosus : Wanless 1986. Bull. Brit. Mus. 50: 104-105, f 1A-H, 2A-G + Proszynski 1984c: 110 + ęPhoto by R. R. Jackson. By courtesy.

Gen. Poecilorchestes Simon, 1901 (2 species)

Type species Poecilorchestes decoratus.
Diagnostic illustrations below are integral part of the definition.

>
Poecilorchestes decoratus + logunovi +c) sp : Proszynski 1971c. Ann. zool., 28: 179, f 45-53
+ Prˇsz., Deel.-Rein., 2013. ©Arthr. sel. 21(?): 139, f 113-115 + ©Photo D. Petot. By courtesy.

Gen. Simaetha Thorell, 1881 (18 species)

Type species Simaetha thoracica.
Drawings below are integral part of definition.

>
Simaetha thoracica + sp : Davies Todd, Zabka 1989. Mem. Queensl. Mus.,27 (2): 221, t 25+ ©Photo G. Anderson + R.Whyte. By courtesy.
b)
Simaetha almadenensis +b) colemani : Zabka M. 1994a. Rec. W. Australian Mus., 16: 529, f 19a-d. . By courtesy.
Simaetha broomei : Zabka M. 1994a. Rec. W. Australian Mus., 16: 528-529, f 18a-c, map 3. By courtesy.
Simaetha atypica: Zabka M. 1994a. Rec. W. Australian Mus., 16: 531-533, f 20a-d, 21a-c. By courtesy.
Simaetha knowlesi : Zabka M. 1994a. Rec. W. Australian Mus., 16: 518-520, f 11a-d, 12a-c,. By courtesy.
Simaetha paetula : Zabka M. 1994a. Rec. W. Australian Mus., 16: 520, f 13a-f, 14a-e + ©Photo R. R. Jackson . By courtesy.
b)c)
Simaetha papuana +b) albicoma +c) leucomelas : Zabka M. 1994a. Rec. W. Australian Mus., 16: 508, f 5a-e +b) Proszynski 1983b. XLIV, 2: 287, f. 11-12 +c) Prószyński 2009b. Arhr. sel. 18(3-4): f 47-52. By courtesy.
+
Simaetha robustior : Zabka M. 1994a. Rec. W. Australian Mus., 16: 514-518, f 9A-F, 10A-F + ©Photo R.Whyte. By courtesy.
+
Simaetha tenuidens + sp : Zabka 1994a. Rec. W. Australian Mus., 16: 511, f 7A-E, 8A-F ©Photo R.Whyte [sp?]. By courtesy.
Simaetha tenuior : Zabka 1994a. Rec. W. Australian Mus., 16: 524, f. 15A-E, 16A-E, 17A-F + ©Photo R.Whyte. By courtesy.
b)+c)+
Simaetha chelicerata +b) makinanga +c) damongpalaya: Proszynski 1983b. Folia entom. hung. XLIV, 2: : 296, f 22, 25, 29 + Szombathy 1915. Ann. hist.-nat. Mus. nat. Hung., 13: 478, f 10 +b) Barrion, Litsinger 1995. 99, f 53a-f + Proszynski - sketch of epigyne of the same specimen +c) Barrion, Litsinger 1995. 99, f 52a-f. + Proszynski - sketch of palp of the same specimen.
b)
Simaetha deelemanae +b) gongi : Zhang J., Song D., Li D. 2003. Raffles Bull. Zool. 2003: 51 (2): 194-195, f 7a-e +b) Peng X., Gong L.,, Kim J. 2000. Korean J. Soil Zool. 5 (1): 14, f 9-14. By courtesy.

Gen. Simaethula Simon, 1902 (7 species)

Type species Simaethula janthina.
Drawings below are integral part of definition.

b)c)d)
Simaethula janthina +b) auronitens +c) opulenta +d) violacea : Simon E. 1903a. 832, f 991 (=K) +b) Koch L. 1879: 1085, t 95, f 2-3 +c) 1083, t 95, f 1 +d) 1090, t 95, f 6. By courtesy.
+
Simaethula aurata : Koch L. 1879: 1083, 1087, t 95, f 4-5 + ©Photo R. Whyte. By courtesy.
+
Simaethula mutica : Proszynski 1983b. Folia Ent. Hung., XLIV, 2: 296, f 23, 26, 30 +b) Szombathy 1915c.
Ann. hist.-nat. Mus. nat. Hung., 13: 478, f 11. By courtesy.
>
Simaethula sp [Davies] : Davies Todd, Zabka 1989. Mem. Queens. Mus. 27 (2): 222, t 26 + ©Photo R. Whyte. By courtesy.
Simaetha sp [AUS=1776] : Whyte, 0. Australia. ©Photo I.R. Macaulay + R. Whyte. By courtesy.

Gen. Simaethulina Wesołowska, 2012 (1 species)

Type species Simaethulina castanea.
Drawings below are integral part of definition.

Simaethulina castanea : Wesolowska 2012b. Genus. 23(2): 215, f 47-54
(subfamilal placement uncertain, but note spermathecae similarity!). By courtesy.

Gen. Stergusa Simon, 1889 (1 species)

Type species Stergusa improbula.
Drawings below are integral part of definition.

>
Stergusa incerta + sp : Prˇszynski, Deeleman-Reinhold, 2010. Arthr. sel., 19(3): 180,138-141 + Prószyński note Internet + © Photo C.L. Deeleman (Sri Lanka, 2000 m). By courtesy.

Gen. Stertinius Simon, 1890 (7 species)

Type species Stertinius dentichelis.
Drawings below are integral part of definition.

b)c)
Stertinius dentichelis +b) onoi +c) kumadai : Simon E. 1903. 832, fi 989 [=I] +b) Prˇszynski, Deeleman-Reinhold 2013 Arthr. select. 21(1)[?]: f 87-95 +c) Logunov, Ikeda,Ono. 1997. Bull. Nat. Sc. Mus., A (Zool.), 23 (1): 12-14, f 21-23, 27-30.
b)
Stertinius nobilis +b) niger : Proszynski 1984c. Atlas ..: 76-77 +b) Logunov D.V., H. Ikeda, H. Ono. 1997. Bull. National Sci. Mus., Series A (Zology), 23 (1): 13, f 24-26. By courtesy
b)
Stertinius cyprius +b) magnificus: Merian, 1911. 326, D, E +b) 328, F2. By courtesy.

Gen. Uroballus Simon, 1902 (2 species)

Type species Uroballus octovittatus..
Diagnostic illustrations below are integral part of the definition.

Uroballus sp. [NOT octovittatus!]: Maddison 2015. Journal of Arachnology. 43: 231–292, f. 87. By courtesy.. By courtesy.
b) c)
Uroballus octovittatus +b) peckhami +c) koponeni : Proszynski 1987. Atlas ...: 107-108 +b) Zabka 1985. Ann. zool. 39, 11:
455, f 636-638 +c) Logunov, 2014b: 184, f. 1-10. © 2014 Magnolia Press. By courtesy.
Simaetheae - characters by Simon