RETURN TO DATABASE - ALTERNATIVE CLASSIFICATION
SALTICIDAE OF THE WORLD - 0-INDEX of Genera - 01-FOREWORD & KEY to groups of genera! - 02-Comparison - HISTORICAL classification of Aelurilleae - 03-AEURILLINES - 04-AMYCINES- 05-AMYCOIDA VARIA - 06-ASTIAINES - BALLINES - 07-BELIPPINES - 08-CHRYSILLINES - 09-COCALODINES - 10-COLONINES[=Thiodinines] - 11-DENDRYPHANTINES - 12-DIOLENINES - EUODENINES - 13-EUOPHRYINES-PART 0: Introduction-Diversity - 13-EUOPHRYINES-PART 1: Admestina-Donoessus - 14-EUOPHRYINES-PART 2: Echeclus-Pystira - 15-EUOPHRYINES-PART 3: Rhyphelia-Zenodorus - 16-EUPOAINES - 17-EVARCHINES - 18-FOSSILS - 19-HABRONATTINES - 20-HARMOCHIRINES - 21-HELIOPHANINES - 22-HISPONINES - 23-HYLLINES - 24-ICIINES - 25-LAPSIINES - 26-LIGONIPEINES - 27-LYSSOMANINES - 28-MENEMERINES - 29-MYRMARACHNINES - 30-NOTICIINES - 31-PELLENINES - 32-PSEUDICIINES - 33-SIMAETHINES - 34-SITTICINES - 35-SPARTAEINES - 35a-SYNAGELINES - 36-THIRATOSCIRTINAE - 37-YAGINUMAELLINES - 38-YLLENINES - 39-UNCLASSIFIED TEMPORARY
APPENDICES -AP1-Simon's classification - AP2-Petrunkevich synthesis-1928 - AP3-Bonnet's list of subfamilies - AP4-Prˇszynski's revision of subfamilies 1976 - AP5-Prˇszynski - summary of results - AP6-Aelurillus black & gray - AP7-Maddison's views on Salticidae phylogeny 2014 - MS1-Omoedus synonymy

MADDISON'S ALTERNATIVE: Tittle_pg Index Introduction Agoriini Aelurillina Asemoneinae Amycini Amycoida-incertae sedis Astiini Ballini Baviini Bredini Chrysillini Cocalodini Dendryphantina Euophryini-1 Euophryini-2 Euophryini-3 Eupoinae Freyina Gophoini Harmochirina Hasariini Hisponinae Holcolaetina Huriini Itatina Lapsiini Leptorchestini Lyssomaninae Marpissina Mopsini Myrmarachnini Nannenini Neonini Onomastinae Plexippina Salticini Sarindini Scopocirini Simaethina Simonellini Sitticini Spartaeina Synagelina Thiodinini Thiratoscirtina Tisanibini Viciriini Salticidae-incertae sedis

Monograph of the Salticidae (Araneae) of the World 1995-2015. Part I: Introduction to alternative classification of Salticidae.

Jerzy Prˇszyński
28 - MENEMERINES GROUP OF GENERA
Version July 1st, 2016.
Sources and permissions of illustrations, also references, are displayed in the IInd part of the monograph http://www.peckhamia.com/salticidae/

Type genus Menemerus
Interactive index of genera , Kima , Leptorchestes , Menemerus.
(64 species)

DIAGNOSIS. MENEMERINES are recognizable by broad and fleshy basis of embolus, sitting laterally to bulbus, with tip either
double or, if single, sometimes followed dorsally by white, unsclerotized structure, usually little visible and known. Ducts in epigyne usually heavily sclerotized.
Drawings below are integral part of the definition.

Gen. Kima Peckham & Peckham, 1902 (5 species) ,

Type species Kima africana.
DIAGNOSIS. MENEMERINES are recognizable by broad and fleshy basis of embolus, sitting laterally to bulbus, with tip either double or single. Ducts in epigyne usually heavily sclerotized. With long pedicel and long, thin legs, Kima has ant-like appearance. Its palp resembles Menemerus by location along bulbus and fleshy basis, but there is no such similarity in structures of epigyne, with thin copulatory ducts making a loop and branching off long scent exuding duct, also spermathecae look different. However male and female are correctly matched (information from W. Wesolowska). There are no stridulatory subocular row of setae. Drawings below are integral part of the definition.

++b)
Kima africana +b) atra Proszynski 1984c. Atlas ...: 75 (Type species).+ Peckhams 1903. Trans. Wisc. Acad.
14 (1):t 29, f 3, 3a-d + Wesolowska, Szeremeta. 2001. Ins. Syst. & Ev.,32(2): 222, figs 17-26. .
+b)c)
Kima [?] variabilis + b) montana +c) reimoseri: Peckhams 1903. Trans. Wisc. Acad. 14 (1):t 29, f 3, 3a-d + Wesolowska, Szeremeta. 2001. Ins. Syst. & Ev.,32(2): 227, f. 39-44 +B) 224-225, figs 27-31 +c) 225, f 32-38. By courtesy.

Gen. Leptorchestes Simon, 1868 (7 species)

Type species Leptorchestes berolinensis.
DIAGNOSIS. MENEMERINES are recognizable by broad and fleshy basis of embolus, sitting laterally to bulbus, with tip either double or single. Ducts in epigyne usually heavily sclerotized. Body ant-like, an impression enhanced by color pattern. Palp resembles Menemerus by location of fleshy basis of embolus along bulbus. Internal structures have special appearance, with heavily sclerotized, almost straight copulatory ducts, running from anterior openings to compact spermathecae with internal convoluted chambers. Drawings below are integral part of the definition.

>>
Leptorchestes berolinensis : Proszynski 1991: 508, f 1357.1-5 (Type species) + Zabka 1997. Fauna Polski 19: 61-62, f 182-188
+ Greece. ©Photo J. Lissner. By courtesy.
Leptorchestes sikorskii: Proszynski 2003: Ann. zool. 84-85, f 325-329. By courtesy.
+++
Leptorchestes mutilloides: Wesolowska, Szeremeta, 2001. Ins. Sys. Ev., 32(2): 233, f 61-66 +Logunov 2004b.
Rev. Iber. Arac. 9: 272-27s, f 3-4 + Metzner 1999. Andrias 14: 37-38, 157, table 3a-h. By courtesy.
+
Leptorchestes peresi: Proszynski 2003: Ann. zool. 84-85, f 325-329 +Wesolowska, Szeremeta, 2001. Ins. Sys. Ev.,
32(2): 233, f 67-78. By courtesy.
b)c)
Leptorchestes algerinus +b) separatus +c)semirufus [sp. dubius!] : Wesolowska, Szeremeta, 2001. Ins. Sys. Ev., 32(2): 229,
figs 45-47 +b) 235, f. 79-83 +c) Galiano 1963b: 384, t. 26 f. 10. By courtesy.

Gen. Menemerus Simon, 1868 (52 species) .

Type species Menemerus semilimbatus.
DIAGNOSIS. MENEMERINES are recognizable by broad and fleshy basis of embolus, sitting laterally to bulbus. Ducts in epigyne usually heavily sclerotized. Palps comparable in all species, with fleshy basis of embolus sitting on lateral part of bulbus and running laterally to it, gradually tapering to sclerotized tip of embolus. Tip in some species is forked, in other followed by similar branch, which in some species is white (for instance in M. brevibulbis) and has fleshy appearance. Tibia short, expanded transversally, with complicated apophyses. Internal structures of epigyne present common pattern: heavily sclerotized short ducts and simple spermathecae, of the other hand external appearance of epigyne can be rather different. Body appears robust, broad and flattened. Very speciose, Afro-Asiatic genus, with a few species cosmopolite in warm areas. Drawings below are integral part of the definition.

> Menemerus semilimbatus. Proszynski. Annales zoologici. 2003: 95-97, figs 375-385Br/> + ©Phot J. Lissner. By courtesy.
+
Menemerus animatus + M. affinis : Proszynski.Ann. zool. 2003a: 90-91, figs 347-348, 357-359.
Wesolowska, van Harten, 2010 2010: 3: 37, f 31-36. By courtesy.
Menemerus arabicus Prˇszynski, 1993 .Fauna of Saudi Arabia. 13: 37-39, ff. 16-19, figs 345-346, 351-353+ 97, figs 347-348, 357-359. By courtesy.
Menemerus bifurcus Wesolowska, 1999. Genus, Wroclaw, 10(2): 262-266, figs 22-28, 30-34. By courtesy.
++>
Menemerus bivittatus (Dufour, 1831) Ann. zool., 2003: 97, figs 341-344. + Wesolowska W. 1999. Genus, 10(2): 267-271, figs 34-47 + Jaluiticola hesslei Roewer, 1944a: 9, f. 4 + Queensland: Brisbane. ©Phot R. Whyte . By courtesy.
+
Menemerus brevibulbis : Proszynski 1984c: 84 (Lectotype) + Wesolowska 1999. Genus 10(2): 271-274, f 48-57. By courtesy.
>b)c)
Menemerus carlini +b) M. congoensis +c) cummingorum: Peckham, Peckham 1903 14 (1): tab. 23, figs 6-c + Wesolowska 1999b. Genus,, 10(2): 274-276, figs 58-61 +b) 276-279, figs 67-71, 72-77 +c) Wesolowska, 2007. Genus, 18(3): 518-520, f 1-7. By courtesy
>
Menemerus congoensis Wesolowska 1999. Genus, 10(2): 276-279, figs 67-71, 72-77. By courtesy.
>
Menemerus davidi :. Proszynski. Ann. zool. 2003a: 90-91, f 345-346, 351-353+ 97, f 347-348, 357-359 + Wesolowska. 1999. Genus, 10(2): 279-281, f 78-89. By courtesy.
>
Menemerus desertus + M. dimidius Wesolowska W. 1999. Genus, 10(2): 283, figs 90-96. By courtesy
(Schmidt, 1976) Wesolowska W. 1999. Genus, 10(2): 283-285, figs 97-104. By courtesy.
>
Menemerus eburnensis + M. errabundus Berland, Millot, 1941 Wesolowska W. 1999b. Genus, 10(2): 285-288, f 105-119 + Logunov, 2010 Bull. Br. arachnol. Soc. (2010) 15 (3), 15(3): 86, f 1-6. By courtesy.
Menemerus fagei: Proszynski. Ann. zool. 2003a:90-91, figs 345-346, 351-353+ 97, figs 347-348, 357-359. By courtesy.
>
Menemerus falsificus + M. fulvus Simon, 1868 Proszynski 2003a. Annales zoologici: 97, figs 390-393. By courtesy
(Koch L., 1878) Bohdanowicz, Proszynski 1987.Annales zoologici, 41, 2: 92-96, figs 145-159. .
+ >>
Menemerus formosus + M. legalli + regius + M. guttatus Wes., 1999 Genus, 10(2): 292-294, f 134-141 + 10(2): 294-296, f 142-147+ 325-328, figs 245-251 + Berland, Millot, 1941 Mem. Mus. Nat. Hist. Natur. 12, 2: 350 f. 57.
>
Menemerus illigeri + M. mauritanicus Proszynski 2003a. Annales zoologici: 94-95, figs 349-350, 354-356.
Proszynski 2003b (drawn prior to 1997), By courtesy.
>+ +
Menemerus lesnei + M. magnificus + M. lesserti + M. meridionalis Wesolowska 2006b. Afr. Ent., 14 (2): 243-244, f 78-82 + Wesolowska 1999b. Genus, 10(2): 304-305, f 177-181 + 300-302, f 162-170 + 302-304, f 171-176 + 307-309, f 188-191
Menemerus marginatus (Kroneberg, 1875) Proszynski J. 1979. Annales zoologici, 34: 313, f 200-206.
+ Ann. zool. 2003a:90-91, figs 345-346, 351-353+ 97, figs 347-348, 357-359. By courtesy.
>
Menemerus minshullae + M. mirabilis Wesolowska, 1999 Genus, 10(2): 309-310, figs 192-196. + 306-307, f 182-186.
Wesolowska, 1999 Genus, 10(2): 319, f 197-209.By courtesy .
+ +
Menemerus modestus + namibicus + natalis Wesolowska, 1999 Genus, 10(2): 313-314, f 210-213 + 314-315, f 214-216 + 317, f 217-222. By courtesy.
+ +
Menemerus nigeriensis + nigli Wesolowska, Russel-Smith, 2011 Ann. zool. 61(3): 580-581, f 93-95 + Wesolowska, Freudenschuss, 2012 Balochistan. Holotype. Genus: 23(3): 449-453, f 3-6. By courtesy.
+ >
Menemerus pallescens + paradoxus + patellaris Wesolowska, van Harten, 2007. Fauna of Arabia, 23: 38, f 103-105.
Wesolowska, van Harten, 1994. Yemeni-German Plant Prot. Proj., 86: 47, figs 99-100 + Wesolowska, van Harten, 2007 Fauna of Arabia, 23: 226-228, f 106-110. By courtesy.
+ > +
Menemerus pilosus + plenus + placidus + pulcher Wesolowska, 1999 Genus, 10(2): 318-320, f 225-231 + 320-321,
f 232-234 + Wesolowska, 1999. Genus, 10(2): 322-323, figs 235-238 + .323-325, figs 239-244. By courtesy.
+ >
Menemerus rabaudi + rubicundus + sabulosus Berland, Millot, 1941. Mem. Mus. Nat. Hist. Natur., 12, 2: 352 f. 55A-C
Wesolowska, 1999 Genus, 10(2): 329, figs 252-255 + 329-330, figs 256-257. By courtesy.
+ >
Menemerus silver + soldanii + tropicus: Wesolowska, 2007 Genus, 10(2): 333, f 268-269 + 334-336, figs 270-276 + 522-524, f 13-21. By courtesy.
>
Menemerus taeniatus Proszynski J. 1979. Ann. zool., 34: 313, figs. 209-216. + 2003a. Ann. zool.. 97, figs 388-389.
>+
Menemerus transvaalicus + M. vernei Wesolowska, 1999. Genus, 10(2): 339-341, figs 284-296 + Proszynski 2003a.
Ann. zool.: 98, f 382-385 Berland, Millot, 1941. Mem. Mus. Nat. Hist. Natur. Paris, 12, 2: 353 f. 55D-G.By courtesy.
+ >
Menemerus utilis + M. zimbabwensis : Wesolowska, 1999 Genus, 10(2): 341-342, figs 297-299 Wesolowska 1999.
Genus, 10(2): 342-344, figs 300-301 +2007. 18(3): 524-526, f 22-29. By courtesy.