RETURN TO DATABASE - ALTERNATIVE CLASSIFICATION
SALTICIDAE OF THE WORLD - 0-INDEX of Genera - 01-FOREWORD & KEY to groups of genera! - 02-Comparison - HISTORICAL classification of Aelurilleae - 03-AEURILLINES - 04-AMYCINES- 05-AMYCOIDA VARIA - 06-ASTIAINES - BALLINES - 07-BELIPPINES - 08-CHRYSILLINES - 09-COCALODINES - 10-COLONINES[=Thiodinines] - 11-DENDRYPHANTINES - 12-DIOLENINES - EUODENINES - 13-EUOPHRYINES-PART 0: Introduction-Diversity - 13-EUOPHRYINES-PART 1: Admestina-Donoessus - 14-EUOPHRYINES-PART 2: Echeclus-Pystira - 15-EUOPHRYINES-PART 3: Rhyphelia-Zenodorus - 16-EUPOAINES - 17-EVARCHINES - 18-FOSSILS - 19-HABRONATTINES - 20-HARMOCHIRINES - 21-HELIOPHANINES - 22-HISPONINES - 23-HYLLINES - 24-ICIINES - 25-LAPSIINES - 26-LIGONIPEINES - 27-LYSSOMANINES - 28-MENEMERINES - 29-MYRMARACHNINES - 30-NOTICIINES - 31-PELLENINES - 32-PSEUDICIINES - 33-SIMAETHINES - 34-SITTICINES - 35-SPARTAEINES - 35a-SYNAGELINES - 36-THIRATOSCIRTINAE - 37-YAGINUMAELLINES - 38-YLLENINES - 39-UNCLASSIFIED TEMPORARY
APPENDICES -AP1-Simon's classification - AP2-Petrunkevich synthesis-1928 - AP3-Bonnet's list of subfamilies - AP4-Průszynski's revision of subfamilies 1976 - AP5-Průszynski - summary of results - AP6-Aelurillus black & gray - AP7-Maddison's views on Salticidae phylogeny 2014 - MS1-Omoedus synonymy

MADDISON'S ALTERNATIVE: Tittle_pg Index Introduction Agoriini Aelurillina Asemoneinae Amycini Amycoida-incertae sedis Astiini Ballini Baviini Bredini Chrysillini Cocalodini Dendryphantina Euophryini-1 Euophryini-2 Euophryini-3 Eupoinae Freyina Gophoini Harmochirina Hasariini Hisponinae Holcolaetina Huriini Itatina Lapsiini Leptorchestini Lyssomaninae Marpissina Mopsini Myrmarachnini Nannenini Neonini Onomastinae Plexippina Salticini Sarindini Scopocirini Simaethina Simonellini Sitticini Spartaeina Synagelina Thiodinini Thiratoscirtina Tisanibini Viciriini Salticidae-incertae sedis

Monograph of the Salticidae (Araneae) of the World 1995-2015. Part I: Introduction to alternative classification of Salticidae.

Maddison's alternative
comparison of classificatiopns by Maddison 2015 and Prószyński 2016a

M_03 - Introduction
Version July 1st, 2016.
Sources and permissions of illustrations are displayed in the IInd part of the monograph http://www.peckhamia.com/salticidae/

There are three main systems of spider family Salticidae presented in this Monograph: classical division by Simon (1901-1903) based on variety of body characters, system proposed by Prószyński (1995-2016) based mainly on palps and internal structures of epigyne and system by Maddison 2015 (below), based on gene sequencing.

Mutual end of these three systems are genera, their grouping purports to help identification and to suggest their relationships. In Simon system genera are joined into groups of genera, Petrunkevitch 1928 named them "subfamilies", which was followed by all subsequent authors. The definitions of particular subfamilies are insufficient and delimitation of genera is subject of endless variations, due to scanty knowledge. Equivalents of subfamilies in Maddison's system are named "tribi" (singular "tribus"), with taxa of higher ranks named "clades", grouped into six "subfamilies" (in the new sense proposed by Maddison). The most speciose of these "subfamilies" is Salticinae (5379 species grouped into 538 genera). The declared purpose of that division is to show phylogenetic relationships between genera, with lip service paid to their identification. In difference to that, the system proposed by Průszynski concentrates on identification of genera, their groupings being functional equivalent of "subfamilies" and "tribi", they may hint also on their relationships but abstaining from premature speculations.
The Maddison's "tribi" (or their equivalents) are listed below, linked to the subsequent files presenting their diagnostic characters:

Tittle_pg Index Introduction Agoriini Aelurillina Asemoneinae Amycini Amycoida_incertae_sedis Astiini Ballini Baviini Bredini Chrysillini Cocalodini Dendryphantina Euophryini-1 Euophryini-2 Euophryini-3 Eupoinae Freyina Gophoini Harmochirina Hasariini Hisponinae Holcolaetina Huriini Itatina Lapsiini Leptorchestini Lyssomaninae Marpissina Mopsini Myrmarachnini Nannenini Neonini Onomastinae Plexippina Salticini Sarindini Scopocirini Simaethina Sitticini Spartaeina Synagelina Thiodinini Thiratoscirtina Tisanibini Viciriini Salticidae-incertae sedis .

While Simon's system has mainly historical importance (although it is still followed in some papers and gives inspiration), systems by Maddison and by Prószyński have practical classificatory importance, purporting to facilitate identification of genera and assisting in placement of new Salticidae taxa, dealing with very incompletely known fauna of the World, in which number of not yet described and undefined genera is presumably higher than those already recognizable. Which of the system will be more useful? Or, may be, which elements of these systems will contribute more to the future identificatory system? In order to facilitate testing of both systems, the Monograph presents main diagnostic characters of genera grouped according to each system. These can be compared by selecting and clicking at the same genera in the Interactive Index (main link - displays genera as grouped by Prószyński, M - genera in tribi of Maddison, Q - permits quick display of diversity within each genus).

Phylogenetical classification of genera by Maddison
Maddison WP. 2015. A phylogenetic classification of jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae).
Journal of Arachnology 43:231–292, Table 2

© 2015 W. Maddison, released under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 3.0 license

Endorsement by Wayne P. Maddison

W dniu 2016-07-30 o 18:44, Wayne Maddison, < wayne.maddison@ubc.ca > pisze:

Dear Jerzy,
My apologies for not answering sooner; I have been travelling frequently, am on too many committees (one is too many), and have a large grant proposal due soon.
I find your page compiling illustrations for all of the genera of the Ballini to be very helpful. I would be very pleased were you to compile such a page for all of the tribes in my recent paper (though, perhaps for large tribes like the Euophryini, you wouldnít need to include all genera!).
I donít have time now to write any introduction, but I think my classification paper presents my perspective well enough.
Thank you for your continuing to illustrate salticid classification.
Wayne

Maddison was kind to write the following evaluation of Prószyński contributions to taxonomy of Salticidae
Page 233. ... In order to assess morphological similarities and synapomorphies, besides consulting the literature, I made heavy use of Průszynskiís (2015) compilation of drawings, and to a lesser extent Metznerís (2015). Not only does Průszynskiís compilation bring together in one place most of the illustrations in the literature, but it also includes many illustrations of Průszynskiís that are not otherwise published, including of type specimens. This resource had an important influence at every stage of this project, for every tribe and subtribe, even where not directly cited below. Without it, the current classification would have taken far longer to achieve.
... Since Průszynskiís (1976) work, the male palp has been an important focus of salticid systematics. It provides convincing or potential synapomorphies for many groups.

[ ...................................................... Maddison W.P. 2015. A phylogenetic classification of jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae). Journal of Arachnology 43:233..