RETURN TO DATABASE - ALTERNATIVE CLASSIFICATION
SALTICIDAE OF THE WORLD
- 0-INDEX of Genera - 01-FOREWORD & KEY to groups of genera! - 02-Comparison - HISTORICAL classification of Aelurilleae - 03-AEURILLINES - 04-AMYCINES- 05-AMYCOIDA VARIA - 06-ASTIAINES - BALLINES - 07-BELIPPINES - 08-CHRYSILLINES - 09-COCALODINES - 10-COLONINES[=Thiodinines] - 11-DENDRYPHANTINES - 12-DIOLENINES - EUODENINES - 13-EUOPHRYINES-PART 0: Introduction-Diversity - 13-EUOPHRYINES-PART 1: Admestina-Donoessus - 14-EUOPHRYINES-PART 2: Echeclus-Pystira - 15-EUOPHRYINES-PART 3: Rhyphelia-Zenodorus - 16-EUPOAINES - 17-EVARCHINES - 18-FOSSILS - 19-HABRONATTINES - 20-HARMOCHIRINES - 21-HELIOPHANINES - 22-HISPONINES - 23-HYLLINES - 24-ICIINES - 25-LAPSIINES - 26-LIGONIPEINES - 27-LYSSOMANINES - 28-MENEMERINES - 29-MYRMARACHNINES - 30-NOTICIINES - 31-PELLENINES - 32-PSEUDICIINES - 33-SIMAETHINES - 34-SITTICINES - 35-SPARTAEINES - 35a-SYNAGELINES - 36-THIRATOSCIRTINAE - 37-YAGINUMAELLINES - 38-YLLENINES - 39-UNCLASSIFIED TEMPORARY
APPENDICES -AP1-Simon's classification - AP2-Petrunkevich synthesis-1928 - AP3-Bonnet's list of subfamilies - AP4-Prószynski's revision of subfamilies 1976 - AP5-Prószynski - summary of results - AP6-Aelurillus black & gray - AP7-Maddison's views on Salticidae phylogeny 2014 - MS1-Omoedus synonymy

MADDISON'S ALTERNATIVE: Tittle_pg Index Introduction Agoriini Aelurillina Asemoneinae Amycini Amycoida-incertae sedis Astiini Ballini Baviini Bredini Chrysillini Cocalodini Dendryphantina Euophryini-1 Euophryini-2 Euophryini-3 Eupoinae Freyina Gophoini Harmochirina Hasariini Hisponinae Holcolaetina Huriini Itatina Lapsiini Leptorchestini Lyssomaninae Marpissina Mopsini Myrmarachnini Nannenini Neonini Onomastinae Plexippina Salticini Sarindini Scopocirini Simaethina Simonellini Sitticini Spartaeina Synagelina Thiodinini Thiratoscirtina Tisanibini Viciriini Salticidae-incertae sedis

Monograph of the Salticidae (Araneae) of the World 1995-2015. Part I: Introduction to alternative classification of Salticidae.

Jerzy Prószyński
BALLINES
Test file containing genera with palps and epigyne intermediate between EUOPHRYINES and DENDRYPHANTINES
Version August 15th, 2016.
Sources and permissions of illustrations are displayed in the IInd part of the monograph
http://www.peckhamia.com/salticidae/

Type genus Ballus.
Interactive index of genera. Afromarengo Ballus BaviolaColaxes Copocrossa Cynapes Goleta Homalattus Indomarengo Leikung Mantisatta Marengo Pachyballus Padilla Peplometus, Philates Planiemen Sadies

Examples of diversity of diagnostic characters

Characters of some representative genera

Diversity of palps
Diversity of internal strucures of epigyne
Diversity of appearance of epigyne
Diversity of body shape and color pattern

Gen. Afromarengo Benjamin, 2004 (3 species)

Type species Afromarengo coriacea.
Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

++
Afromarengo coriacea : Wes. Rus.-Sm. 2000. Trop.Zool., 13 (1): 67-68, figs 171-174 + Wanless 1978d. Bull. brit. Mus.
nat. Hist. (Zool.), 33 (4): 261-263, ff. 1A-J + Lessert 1925a. Rev. suisse zool., 31 (13): 439, f 15-17. By courtesy.
Afromarengo bimaculata : Wes.& Had. 2013. Afr. Invert.: 54 (1):180-183, f 1, 13, 14, 22–29. By courtesy.
Afromarengo plana : Haddad & Wesołowska, 2013: Genus : 24(3-4): 460-462, f 1-4, 28. By courtesy.

Gen. Ballus C.L. Koch, 1850 (5 species)

Type species Ballus chalybeius.
Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

Ballus chalybeius : Proszynski 2003b, figs 99-100 + ©Photo A. Henrard+J. Lissner. By courtesy.
+b)c)
Ballus armadillo +b) segmentatus + c) tabupumensis: Pencil sketch by J. Proszynski. + ©Photo Heiko Metzner
+b) Benjamin 2004. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 142: 30-32, f. 22a-d +c) Petrunkevitch 1914a. Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer.,
7: 170, 174, ill. T. 26, F. 19, 20 [species misidentified, inquirenda]. By courtesy.
Ballus rufipes : Metzner H. 1999:40-41, 161, table 7a-g + ©Photo B. Knoflach + Arachnol. Ges.. By courtesy.

Gen. Baviola Simon, 1898 (3 species)

Type species Baviola braueri.
Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

+b)c)
Baviola braueri +b) luteosignata +c) vanmoli : Proszynski J. 1987. Atlas ... : 6, 7 + Wanless 1984c. 241: 29-31, ff. 9a-k
+b) 34-36, ff. 11a-h.+c) Saaristo 2010: 176-177, f 27.12-15. By courtesy.

Gen. Colaxes Simon, 1900 (4 species)

Type species Colaxes nitidiventris.
Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

Colaxes nitidiventris : Proszynski J. 1987. Atlas ...: 16.. By courtesy.
Colaxes benjamini : Wesołowska & Haddad 2013. Afr. Invert.: 54 (1): 188-191, f 4–6, 16, 43–48. . By courtesy.
b)
Colaxes horton +b) wanlessi: Benjamin 2004. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 142: 24, f 16a-d +b) 21-24, f 12A-C,
13A-E, 14A-C, 15A-H [application for permission to display rejected by the Publisher]. By courtesy.

Gen.Copocrossa Simon, 1901 (1 species)

Type species Copocrossa tenuilineata.
Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

>>
Copocrossa tenuilineata + sp [bug mimic]: Davies Todd, Zabka 1989. Mem. Queens. Mus., 27 (2): 205, t 12 + ©Photo Macaulay.
Copocrossa sp [Australia] : © Photo: Robert Whyte, SOWN, 2010. By courtesy.

Gen. Cynapes Simon, 1900 (3 species)

Type species Cynapes wrighti.
Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

>++
Cynapes wrighti : Zabka 1988b. Ann. zool. 41 (14): 446-448, f 71-73 + Proszynski 1984c. Atlas ...: 32 + Wanless 1983a. 241:
39-40, ff. 13a-g + Saaristo, 2010: 179, f. 27.27-30 . By courtesy.
b)
Cynapes baptizatus +b) canosus : Wanless 1979a. Bull. brit. Mus. nat. Hist. (Zool.)., London, 37 (1): 68-70, ff. 1A-K
+b) 70-72, ff. 2A-K.
.

Gen. Goleta Peckham & Peckham, 1894 (1 species)

Type species Goleta workmani.
Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

Goleta workmani :Proszynski 1984c. Atlas ...: 53-54. By courtesy.

Gen. dubius Homalattus White, 1841
(no species recognizable )

Type species Homalattus pustulatus.
REMARKS. Incidental collection of unrecognizable nominal species, the subfamilial position of the type species tentative.
Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

Homalattus pustulatus :(from White 1846, after Ruiz 2010) [figs 6-a-b] compared with Pachyballus cordiformis (figs 40-41, 43 – on gray background) from Wesolowska & Cumming, 2011: 7: 87, f 40-45. By courtesy.
Homalattus insularis : Peckhams 1885a: 29, t 1, f 3. By courtesy.

Gen. Indomarengo Benjamin 2004 (1 species)

Type species Indomarengo sarawakensis.
Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

Indomarengo sarawakensis : Benjamin 2004.Zool. J. Linnean Soc., 142:41-43, f 4B, 38A-E, 39A-C. By courtesy.

Gen. Leikung Benjamin, 2004 (2 species)

Type species Leikung porosa.
Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

Leikung sp.: Maddison 2015. Journal of Arachnology. 43: 231–292, f. 61. By courtesy.
++
Leikung porosa : Prószynski 2012. Arthr. select. 21(1): 41-42, f 66-70 + Wanless 1978d. Bull. brit. Mus. nat. Hist. (Zool.) 33 (4): 268-270, ff. 7A-G; pl. 2e-f; 3a-f.Photo © P. Koomen. By courtesy.
Leikung kinabaluensis : Benjamin 2004. Zool. J. Linnean Society, 142: 60-63, f 55A-G, 56A-F. By courtesy.

Gen. Mantisatta Warburton, 1900 (2 species)

Type species Mantisatta trucidans.
Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

>>>
++
Mantisatta trucidans + longicauda: Cutler, Wanless 1973. Brit. Arachn. Soc. Bull. 185-187, ff. 1-4.4 + Proszynski, 2003b (Quick sketches) + Maddison 2015. Journal of Arachnology. 43: 231–292, f. 62.+ ©Photo R.R. Jackson. By courtesy.

Gen. Marengo Peckham, Peckham, 1892 (7 species)

Type species Marengo crassipes .
Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

+
Marengo crassipes : Wanless F.R. 1978d.Bull. brit. Mus. nat. Hist. (Zool.), 33 (4): 264- 266, ff. 3A-F; 4A-F,t. 1d-f; 2a-c + Proszynski J. 1984c. Atlas ...: 78 (Lectotype). By courtesy.
b)c)d)
Marengo deelemanae +b) inornata +c) nitida +d) striatipes : Benjamin S.P. 2004. Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 142 (all species in the whole publication) +b) Wanless F.R. 1978d.Bull. brit. Mus. nat. Hist. (Zool.), 33 (4): 264- 266, ff. 3A-F; 4A-F,t. 1d-f; 2a-c +d) 267, f. 5A-D +c) Simon, 1901a: 488, f 574-576. By courtesy.
Marengo rattotensis: Benjamin S.P. 2006. Zootaxa 1326: 2006: 29-34, f 1C-D,F, 5A-E, 6A-F, 7A-F. By courtesy.
+++
Marengo sp.: ©Photo John & Frances Murphy + R. R. Jackson + H.K. Tang + D.Knowles. By courtesy.

Gen. Pachyballus Simon, 1900 (5 species)

Type species Pachyballus transversus.
Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

Pachyballus sp. : Maddison 2015. Journal of Arachnology. 43: 231–292, f. 60. By courtesy.
b)
Pachyballus transversus +b) oyo : Simon 1901a: 482, f 570-571. Wesolowska, Russel-Smith.: Ann. zool. 61(3): 589-590,
f 126-135, 232-234. By courtesy.
+b)c)
Pachyballus cordiformis +b) flavipes +c) variegatus : Berland, Millot J. 1941. 12, 2: 396, f 90 +Wesolowska & Cumming, 2011: J. Afrotrop. Zool.7: 87, f 40-45 +b) Wanless, Clark. 1975. Revue Zool. afr. 89 (2): 290, f 27-28 +c) Lessert 1925a. Rev. suisse zool., 31 (13): 437, f 10-14 +c). By courtesy.

Gen. Padilla Peckham & Peckham, 1894 (18 species)

Type species Padilla armata.
Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

++
Padilla armata : Proszynski 1984c Atlas ...: 95+ Wanless, Lubin. 1986. J. Nat. Hist. 20: 1211-1220, f 3A, C + Andriamalala 2007 Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 58: 268, f 18. By courtesy.
+
Padilla cornuta : Proszynski1987. Atlas ...: 74 + Andriamalala 2007. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 58: 274, f 5, 8A, 13A, 25C, 29A-C, 62A-B+ Peckhams 1885a.: 30, t 1, f 7. By courtesy.
Padilla astina :: Andriamalala, 2007. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 58: 270, f 33D-F. By courtesy.
+
Padilla boritandroka : Andriamalala, 2007. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 58: 270, f 33D-F +b) 280, f 3G, 4Ab, 11A, 14E, 17A, 24B, 28D, 32A-C, 55. By courtesy.
b)c)d)
Padilla foty +b) graminicola +c) ambigua +d) lancearia : Andriamalala 2007. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 58: 280, f 26E-F, 34C, G +b) 11-13, f 3A, 4A, 5A-D +c) Ledoux, 2007. Rev. Arachn. 17: 11-13, f 3A, 4A, 5A-D +d) Simon 1901a: 461, f 453. By courtesy.
Padilla lavatandroka : Andriamalala 2007. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 58: 277, f 2A-C, 4A-Aa, 7, 8C, 13B, 14B, 28A, 29G-I, 30A-D, 52A, D-E, 53B-D, 54A-F, 56A-F, 62E-F . By courtesy.
b)
Padilla maingoka +b) griswoldi : Andriamalala 2007. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 58: 274, f 4Cb, 9C, 14A, 15C, 23, 24C, 28C, 31G-I +b) 268, f 10B, 12B, 19, 25D, 33A–C, 60–61. By courtesy.
Padilla manjelatra : Andriamalala 2007. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 58: 276, f 29D-F . By courtesy.
b)
Padilla mazavaloha +b) mihaingo : Andriamalala 2007. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 58: 272, f 31D-F +b) 279, f 27B, 27D, F.
b)
Padilla mitohy +b) ngeroka: Andriamalala 2007. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 58: 281, f 32, 34. . By courtesy.
+b)
Padilla ombimanga +b) sartor : Andriamalala 2007. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 58: 271, f 33G-I +b) 271, f 31A-C. By courtesy.

Gen. Peplometus Simon, 1900 (1 species)

Type species Peplometus biscutellatus [species inquirenda].
Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

+
Peplometus chlorophthalmus + sp : Simon E. 1901a. 2(3-4): 486, f 566-569. ©Photo T. Szuts (Congo Rep.) By courtesy.

Gen. Philates Simon, 1900 (10 species)

Type species Philates grammicus .

>+
Philates grammicus : Wanless 1978d. Bull.brit. Mus. nat. Hist. (Zool.), 142: 34, f 31a-b, 32a-d. - Proszynski 1987. Atlas ...: 76 + Benjamin 2004. Zool. Journ. Linnean Soc. 142: 34, f 31a-b, 32a-d. By courtesy.
Philates courti : Zabka M. 1999. Memoirs Queensland Museum, 43(2): 895, f 1A-E, 2A-E. By courtesy.
Philates platnicki : Zabka M. 1999. Memoirs Queensland Museum, 43(2): 895, f 1A-E, 2A-E. By courtesy
b)
Philates proszynskii +b) rafalskii : Zabka M. 1999. Memoirs Queensland Museum, 43(2): 897, f 5A-H +b) 897-891, f 6A-D.
Philates variratae : Zabka M. 1999. Memoirs Queensland Museum Brisbane, 43(2): 901-905, f. 7A-E, 8A-E, 9A-F. By courtesy.
b+c +d
Philates chelifer +b) szutsi +c) thaleri +d) zschokkei : Wanless 1978d. Bull.brit. Mus. nat. Hist. (Zool.), 142: 272, ff. 9A-F. +b) +c) +d) Benjamin 2004. Zool. Journ. Linnean Soc. 142 (ALL species in this publication). By courtesy.

Gen. Planiemen Wesolowska & van Harten, 2007 (1 species)

Type species Planiemen rotundus.

>
Planiemen rotundus : Wesolowska, van Harten 1994. 86: 65-67, f 133-139 + 65-67, f 133-139. By courtesy.

Gen. Sadies Wanless, 1983 [1984] (5 species)

Type species Sadies fulgida.
Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

+
Sadies fulgida : Wanless 1984c. Ann. Mus. roy. Afr. centr. 241: 12-16, f. 2a-g, 3a-f
+ Saaristo, 2010: 198, f. 27.117-123. By courtesy.
+b)
Sadies seychellensis +b) castanea : Wanless 1984c. Ann.Mus. roy. Afr. centr. 241: 18-20, ff. 5a-g + Benjamin 2004.
Zool. J. Linnean Soc., 142: 45-47, f 45H +b) Ledoux, 2007: 17(2):15-16, map 6. . By courtesy.
b)
Sadies gibbosa +b) trifasciata: Wanless 1984c. Ann. Mus. roy. Afr. centr. 241: 16-18, ff. 4a-h +b) 20-22, ff. 6a-g. By courtesy.