RETURN TO DATABASE - ALTERNATIVE CLASSIFICATION
SALTICIDAE OF THE WORLD - 0-INDEX of Genera - 01-FOREWORD & KEY to groups of genera! - 02-Comparison - HISTORICAL classification of Aelurilleae - 03-AEURILLINES - 04-AMYCINES- 05-AMYCOIDA VARIA - 06-ASTIAINES - BALLINES - 07-BELIPPINES - 08-CHRYSILLINES - 09-COCALODINES - 10-COLONINES[=Thiodinines] - 11-DENDRYPHANTINES - 12-DIOLENINES - EUODENINES - 13-EUOPHRYINES-PART 0: Introduction-Diversity - 13-EUOPHRYINES-PART 1: Admestina-Donoessus - 14-EUOPHRYINES-PART 2: Echeclus-Pystira - 15-EUOPHRYINES-PART 3: Rhyphelia-Zenodorus - 16-EUPOAINES - 17-EVARCHINES - 18-FOSSILS - 19-HABRONATTINES - 20-HARMOCHIRINES - 21-HELIOPHANINES - 22-HISPONINES - 23-HYLLINES - 24-ICIINES - 25-LAPSIINES - 26-LIGONIPEINES - 27-LYSSOMANINES - 28-MENEMERINES - 29-MYRMARACHNINES - 30-NOTICIINES - 31-PELLENINES - 32-PSEUDICIINES - 33-SIMAETHINES - 34-SITTICINES - 35-SPARTAEINES - 35a-SYNAGELINES - 36-THIRATOSCIRTINAE - 37-YAGINUMAELLINES - 38-YLLENINES - 39-UNCLASSIFIED TEMPORARY
APPENDICES -AP1-Simon's classification - AP2-Petrunkevich synthesis-1928 - AP3-Bonnet's list of subfamilies - AP4-Prˇszynski's revision of subfamilies 1976 - AP5-Prˇszynski - summary of results - AP6-Aelurillus black & gray - AP7-Maddison's views on Salticidae phylogeny 2014 - MS1-Omoedus synonymy

MADDISON'S ALTERNATIVE: Tittle_pg Index Introduction Agoriini Aelurillina Asemoneinae Amycini Amycoida-incertae sedis Astiini Ballini Baviini Bredini Chrysillini Cocalodini Dendryphantina Euophryini-1 Euophryini-2 Euophryini-3 Eupoinae Freyina Gophoini Harmochirina Hasariini Hisponinae Holcolaetina Huriini Itatina Lapsiini Leptorchestini Lyssomaninae Marpissina Mopsini Myrmarachnini Nannenini Neonini Onomastinae Plexippina Salticini Sarindini Scopocirini Simaethina Simonellini Sitticini Spartaeina Synagelina Thiodinini Thiratoscirtina Tisanibini Viciriini Salticidae-incertae sedis

Monograph of the Salticidae (Araneae) of the World 1995-2015. Part I: Introduction to alternative classification of Salticidae.

Jerzy Prˇszyński
06 - ASTIAINES GROUP OF GENERA
Version July 1st, 2016.
Sources and permissions of illustrations are displayed in the IInd part of the monograph
http://www.peckhamia.com/salticidae/

Index. Type genus Astia.
Arasia Aruana Astia Astilodes Helpis Jacksonoides Katya Megaloastia Orthrus Parahelpis Sondra Tauala.
(68 species)

Introduction

ASTIAINES are poorly known and ill defined group of genera living in South Eastern Hemisphere, accepted by contemporary authors as subfamily on the basis of molecular research. Bulbus simple oval, embolus short, arising anterolaterally. Epigyne with small, simple spermathecae, ducts thin, running anteriorly, cheliceral inner posterior tooth - saw-like, but in Adoxotoma bargo fissidentate. External appearance diverse. Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

Guide to identification of genera

Gen. Arasia Simon, 1901 (3 species)

Type species Arasia mollicoma.
Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

>>
Arasia mollicoma : Davies Todd, Zabka 1989. Mem. Queensl. Mus., 27 (2): 210, t. 16 + ©Photo R. Whyte. By courtesy.
+;
Arasia eucalypti +mullion : Gardzinska 1996. Mem. Queensl. Mus. 39(2): 297, figs 1A-E, 2A-D + Zabka 2002. Rec. Austral. Mus., 54: 258-259, figs 1A-D, 2. By courtesy.

Gen. Aruana Strand, 1911 (2 species)

Type species Aruana silvicola.
DIAGNOSIS. Retrolateral posterior angle of cymbium drawn into prominent, rectangular process. Embolus arising from a basis in a form of thin layer ovelying posterior part of bulbus, which resembles that structure in CHRYSILLINES. Chelicerae long with several separate teeth (pluridentate!). Unfortunately unknown female cannot contribute to classification. Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

+b)
Aruana silvicola +b) vanstraeleni : Type - Proszynski J. 1984c. Atlas ...: 2 + Wanless F.R. 1988.N Zeal. j. zool. 15: 169, ff. 43a-g +b) 169, ff. 44a-h. By courtesy. ATTENTION: PLACEMENT BY CHELICERAL DENTITION!

Gen. Astia L. Koch, 1879 (4 species)

Type species Astia hariola.
Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

>
Astia hariola : Davies Todd, Zabka 1989. Mem. Queensl. Mus., 27 (2): 208, t. 14 + ©Photo R. Whyte. By courtesy
Astia maculata : Wesolowska. 1986. Ann. zool., 40, 1: 231, ff. 880-882 [Transfer from Heliophanus]. By courtesy

Gen. Astilodes Zabka, 2009 (1 species)

Type species Astilodes mariae.
Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

>
Astilodes mariae : Zabka, 2009. Insect Syst.Evol. 40: f 1-4 + © Photo: Robert Whyte. By courtesy.

Gen. Helpis Simon, 1901 (8 species)

Type species Helpis minitabunda
DIAGNOSIS. "The genus is distinguished by the combination of the following genitalic characters: male palpal organ with cymbial flange, embolus rather short and robust, tegulum more or less ovoid, sometimes with lobe, seminal duct not meandering, tibial apophysis single and simple; female epigyne of most species with large posterior pouch and median guides, copulatory openings oriented towards each other, except in H. wanlessi". (Zabka, Patoleta 2014: Zootaxa 3873 (5) ę 2014 Magnolia Press). Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition. .

>>
+
Helpis minitabunda : Davies Todd V., Zabka M. 1989. Mem. Queensland Mus. 27 (2): 257, t. 56 + Gardzinska J. 1996.
Mem. Queens. Mus. 39(2): 301-303, f 3A-E, 4A-D, 5F + ©Photo: R. Whyte + A. Tobin. By courtesy.
Helpis gracilis : Gardzinska J. 1996. Mem. Queens. Mus. 39(2): 301-303, figs 5A-E, 6A-D + Żabka & Patoleta, 2014: Zootaxa 3873 (5): 573, f. 18-25. © 2014 Magnolia Press. By courtesy.
+
Helpis kenilworthi: Zabka M. 2002. Rec. Austral. Mus., 54: 260, figs 4A-E, 2 + Żabka & Patoleta, 2014: Zootaxa 3873 (5): 580, f. 51-65. © 2014 Magnolia Press. By courtesy.
b)
Helpis risdonica +b) tasmanica: Zabka M. 2002. Rec. Austral. Mus., 54: 260, figs 4A-E, 2 +b) 260-259,
figs 5A-D +c) 261-262, figs 6A-D, 2. By courtesy.
+
Helpis longichelis + occidentalis : Wanless F.R. 1988. NZ j. zool. 15: 100, ff. 8a-j + 15: 98-100, ff. 7a-k.. By courtesy.
Helpis longipalpis : Gardzinska & Zabka, 2010. Zootaxa 2526: 45-47, f 33-44. © 2010 Magnolia Press.. By courtesy.
+
Helpis colemani (syn. Astia c.) : Wanless 1988. N Zealand j. zool., 15: 89-90, ff. 3a-i +Żabka, Patoleta 2014: Zootaxa 3873 (5) © 2014 Magnolia Press · 573, f  1–17. By courtesy
Helpis foelixi : Żabka, Patoleta 2014: Zootaxa 3873 (5) © 2014 Magnolia Press · 573, f  1–17. By courtesy.
Helpis merriwa : Żabka, Patoleta 2014: Zootaxa 3873 (5) © 2014 Magnolia Press · 573, f  1–17. By courtesy.

Helpis staregai : Żabka, Patoleta 2014: Zootaxa 3873 (5) © 2014 Magnolia Press · 573, f  1–17. By courtesy.
Helpis wanlessi : Żabka, Patoleta 2014: Zootaxa 3873 (5) © 2014 Magnolia Press · 573, f  1–17. By courtesy.
Helpis wisharti : Żabka, Patoleta 2014: Zootaxa 3873 (5) © 2014 Magnolia Press · 573, f  1–17. By courtesy.

Gen. Jacksonoides Wanless, 1988 (8 species)

Type species Jacksonoides queenslandicus.
Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

>b)
Jacksonoides queenslandicus +b) sp [Daintree]: Wanless 1988. N Zeal. j. zool., 15: 104-108, ff. 9a-g, 10a-b, 11a, d-e, 12a-c
+ ©Photo R. Whyte. By courtesy.
b)c)
Jacksonoides distinctus +b) eileenae +c) nubilis: Wanless 1988. N Zeal. j. zool., 15: 113, f 14a-l +b) 110-112, ff. 13a-f.
b)
Jacksonoides simplexipalpis +b) subtilis: Wanless 1988. N Zeal. j. zool., 15: 104-108, ff. 9a-g, 10a-b, 11a, d-e, 12a-c b) 108-110, ff. 10f-g, 11c, 12f, g, j, k. ©Photo R. Whyte. By courtesy.
Jacksonoides kochi : Davies Todd V., Zabka M. 1989. Mem. Queensland Mus., 27 (2): 206, pl 17. By courtesy.
Jacksonoides - Nine new species: M Żabka and BM Patoleta 2016. NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 2016
VOL. 43, NO. 1, 10–41 are diagnosed, described and illustrated: J. jacksoni sp. nov. (M, F); J. voyteki sp. nov. (F); J. cameronae sp. nov. (F); J. lucynae sp. nov. (F); J. blaszaki sp. nov. (F); J. dziabaszewskii sp. nov. (F); J. venustus sp. nov. (F); J. deelemanae sp. nov. (M, F); and J. atypicus sp. nov. (F).

Gen. Katya Prˇszynski, Deeleman-Reinhold, 2010 (3 species)

Type species Katya florescens.
Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

b)c)
Katya florescens +b) ijensis +c) inornata : Prószyński, Deeleman-Reinhold 2010. Arthr. sel., 19(3): 170-171, f 85-90 +b) 171-172, f 91-96 +c) 172, f 97-100. By courtesy.

Gen. Megaloastia Zabka, 1995 (1 species)

Type species Megaloastia mainae.
Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

Megaloastia mainae :Zabka M. 1995b. Rec. W Austr. Mus. Suppl. 52: 161-163. f 1-16 + ©Photo: J. Wanamaker. By courtesy.

Gen. Orthrus Simon, 1900 (4 species)

Type species Orthrus bicolor.
Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

Orthrus cf.muluensis: Maddison 2015. Journal of Arachnology. 43: 231–292, f. 82. By courtesy.
>>
Orthrus bicolor + muluensis + sp. :Wanless 1980b. Bull. brit. Mus. nat. Hist. (Zool.). 38 (4): 229, f 3A-G; 4A-D.+
+ 38 (4): 226-227, f 1A-E + ©Photo by R. R. Jackson, 2000.By courtesy.
b)
Orthrus calilungae +palawanensis : Barrion A.T., 1998. Philipp. Ent., 12: 85-90, f 1-16 +b) Wanless 1980b.
Bull. brit. Mus. nat. Hist. (Zool.). 38 (4): 229, f 3A-G; 4A-D. By courtesy.
>
Orthrus sp [Natpark] :183 Philippines-Luzon-Biak na Bato NP. ©Photo J. Nigl. By courtesy..

Gen. Parahelpis Gardzińska & Zabka, 2010 (2 species)

Type species Parahelpis abnormis.
Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

b)
Parahelpis abnormis + smithae :Zabka 2002. Rec. Aus.Mus. 54: 259, figs 3A-E, 2 + Gardzinska & Zabka, 2010. 2526:49,
f 45–54 .© Magnolia Press.By courtesy.

Gen. Sondra Wanless, 1988 (15 species)

Type species Sondra nepenthicola.
Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

>
Sondra nepenthicola : Davies Todd V., Zabka M. 1989. Mem. Queensl. Mus. 27 (2): 257, t 56 + ©Photo: R.Whyte. By courtesy.
+
Sondra aurea + brindlei :Zabka 2002. Rec. Austral. Mus., 54: 263, f 8A-H
+ 266-267,f 11a-f, 10+ 266-267, f 11a-f, 10 . By courtesy.
++
Sondra bifurca + samambrayi + bickeli : Wanless F.R. 1988. N Zealand j. zoology, 15: 144-144, f 30a-k + Zabka M. 2002.
Rec. Austral. Mus., 54: 267-268, f 12A-E, 10 + 264-265, f 9A-D, 10. By courtesy.
+
Sondra bulburin + excepta: Wanless F.R. 1988. N Zealand j. zoology, 15: 138-140, f 26a-j + 140-140, f 27a-h. . By courtesy.
+
Sondra convoluta + damocles : Wanless F.R. 1988. N Zealand j. zoology, 15: 146-148, f 31a-h, 32a-e + 156-158, f 37a-k.
+
Sondra finlayensis + raveni :Wanless F.R. 1988. N Zeal. j. zool., 15: 150, f 35a-k. + ©Photo: R.Whyte. By courtesy.
Sondra littoralis :Wanless F.R. 1988. N Zeal. j. zool., 15: 148, f 33a-i, 34a-e. By courtesy.
+/
Sondra variabilis +tristicula : Wanless F.R. 1988. N Zeal. j. zool., 15: 142-144, f 28a-j, 29a-h + 158, f 38a-f. By courtesy.

Gen. Tauala Wanless, 1988 (8 species)

Type species Tauala lepidus.
Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

+
Tauala lepidus : Davies Todd V., Zabka M. 1989. Mem. Queensland Mus., Brisbane, 27 (2): 209, t 15
+ Wanless F.R. 1988. N Zeal.j. zool. 15: 120, 123-124, f 18a-i, 19a-f + ęPhoto by G. Anderson. By courtesy.
>b)c)
Tauala alveolatus +b) daviesae +c) athertonensis : Wanless F.R. 1988. N Zeal.j. zool. 15: 126-128, f 21a-l + ęPhoto Anderson +b) 128-138, f 22a-i. +c) Gardzinska J. 1996. Mem. Queens. Mus. 39(2): 303-304, f 7A-E. By courtesy.
>
Tauala australiensis + minutus : Wanless F.R. 1988. N Zeal.j. zool. 15: 130-128, f 24a-i + 130, f 23A-I.. By courtesy.
b)
Tauala splendidus + elongata : Wanless F.R. 1988. N Zeal.j. zool. 15: 124, f 20A-I
+b) Peng X., Li S. 2002c. Zool. Stud. 41 (3): 340-342, f 16-20.. By courtesy.
[ATTENTION: T. elongata fit the genus by body shape and epigyne[?], differs by round, flattened tibia I].

Astieae - characters by Simon