RETURN TO DATABASE - ALTERNATIVE CLASSIFICATION
SALTICIDAE OF THE WORLD - 0-INDEX of Genera - 01-FOREWORD & KEY to groups of genera! - 02-Comparison - HISTORICAL classification of Aelurilleae - 03-AEURILLINES - 04-AMYCINES- 05-AMYCOIDA VARIA - 06-ASTIAINES - BALLINES - 07-BELIPPINES - 08-CHRYSILLINES - 09-COCALODINES - 10-COLONINES[=Thiodinines] - 11-DENDRYPHANTINES - 12-DIOLENINES - EUODENINES - 13-EUOPHRYINES-PART 0: Introduction-Diversity - 13-EUOPHRYINES-PART 1: Admestina-Donoessus - 14-EUOPHRYINES-PART 2: Echeclus-Pystira - 15-EUOPHRYINES-PART 3: Rhyphelia-Zenodorus - 16-EUPOAINES - 17-EVARCHINES - 18-FOSSILS - 19-HABRONATTINES - 20-HARMOCHIRINES - 21-HELIOPHANINES - 22-HISPONINES - 23-HYLLINES - 24-ICIINES - 25-LAPSIINES - 26-LIGONIPEINES - 27-LYSSOMANINES - 28-MENEMERINES - 29-MYRMARACHNINES - 30-NOTICIINES - 31-PELLENINES - 32-PSEUDICIINES - 33-SIMAETHINES - 34-SITTICINES - 35-SPARTAEINES - 35a-SYNAGELINES - 36-THIRATOSCIRTINAE - 37-YAGINUMAELLINES - 38-YLLENINES - 39-UNCLASSIFIED TEMPORARY
APPENDICES -AP1-Simon's classification - AP2-Petrunkevich synthesis-1928 - AP3-Bonnet's list of subfamilies - AP4-Prószynski's revision of subfamilies 1976 - AP5-Prószynski - summary of results - AP6-Aelurillus black & gray - AP7-Maddison's views on Salticidae phylogeny 2014 - MS1-Omoedus synonymy

MADDISON'S ALTERNATIVE: Tittle_pg Index Introduction Agoriini Aelurillina Asemoneinae Amycini Amycoida-incertae sedis Astiini Ballini Baviini Bredini Chrysillini Cocalodini Dendryphantina Euophryini-1 Euophryini-2 Euophryini-3 Eupoinae Freyina Gophoini Harmochirina Hasariini Hisponinae Holcolaetina Huriini Itatina Lapsiini Leptorchestini Lyssomaninae Marpissina Mopsini Myrmarachnini Nannenini Neonini Onomastinae Plexippina Salticini Sarindini Scopocirini Simaethina Simonellini Sitticini Spartaeina Synagelina Thiodinini Thiratoscirtina Tisanibini Viciriini Salticidae-incertae sedis
Monograph of the Salticidae (Araneae) of the World 1995-2015. Part I: Introduction to alternative classification of Salticidae.

Jerzy Prószyński
03 - AELURILLINES GROUP OF GENERA
Version July 1st, 2016.
Sources and permissions of illustrations are displayed in the main chapter of the monograph http://www.peckhamia.com/salticidae/

Index.Type genus Aelurillus, Asianellus , Langelurillus , Langona , Mashonarus , Microheros , Phanuelus , Phlegra , Proszynskiana , Rafalus , Stenaelurillus.

Introduction

DIAGNOSIS. Classification AELURILLINES to the super group of genera EUOPHRYOIDA is defined by presence of "movable" embolus twisted into a coil atop membranous distal haematodocha. In group of genera AELURILLINES a coil of embolus is hidden behind anterior part of tegulum, from where only its tip protrudes. Other diagnostic characters of AELURILLINES is opaque sclerotized tegulum, covering the whole bulbus, short and robust tibial apophysis is sometimes sclerotized and hook like, often accompanied dorsally by fleshy protuberance. Female epigyne with sclerotized edges or rims, sclerotized chambers of spermathecae form either a compact body, internal convoluted, or a chain, copulatory ducts are sclerotized. AELURILLINAE contains relatively robust, terrestrial forms, running or ambushing, with cryptic but diversified color pattern, either gray with dark spots or with light streaks and spots, which break spider's silhouette, camouflaged on the gray background of sands and stones. Spots and colors visible in frontal view may be more vivid and are particularly diagnostic. Cnsist of several prolific genera, containing together 247 species distributed in Palaearctics and Tropical Africa, a few in Oriental Region, but absent in Western Hemisphere.
More detailed features of the genus
AELURILLINES are recognizable by opaque sclerotized tegulum, covering the whole bulbus. Only tip of embolus emerges from beneath tegulum, anteriorly, the remaining part of embolus, coiled and sitting on distal haematodocha, is hidden in a pocket between bulbus and cymbium. Tibial apophysis short, robust, sometimes sclerotized and hook like, often accompanied dorsally by fleshy protuberance more. Female epigyne with sclerotized edges or rims, spermathecae in a form of compact, sclerotized body with internal convoluted chambers, often inside , copulatory ducts sclerotized. AELURILLINES contains relatively robust, terrestrial forms, running or ambushing, with cryptic but diversified color pattern, either gray with dark spots or with light streaks and spots, which break spider's silhouette hidden on the gray background of sands and stones. Spots and colors visible in frontal view are particularly diagnostic. Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

Guide to identification of genera by male palps

Guide to identification of genera by internal structure of epigyne

Guide to identification of genera by color pattern

Gen. Aelurillus Simon, 1884 (59 species)

Type species Aelurillus v-insignitus.
DIAGNOSIS. Confront to general characteristics of AELURILLINES which have the whole bulbus covered by opaque sclerotized tegulum and a coil of embolus hidden behind anterior part of tegulum, from where only its tip protrudes. Bulbus usually ends posteriorly by sharp pointed triangle, sometimes with narrow "tail". There is often also a small, conical protuberance ("bump") on tegulum. Tibial apophysis is short and robust, sometimes sclerotized and hook like, often accompanied dorsally by fleshy protuberance. Female epigyne, usually in a form of sclerotized flat plate, with indistinct, small copulatory openings, but often with sclerotized "wings" or edges, sclerotized chambers of spermathecae in a form of a pair of compact bodies with convoluted internal chambers, or a chain of irregular chambers. Copulatory ducts are sclerotized, or short and indistinct, even invisible.
More detailed features of the genus Aelurillus include short and bent sclerotized tibial apophysis, followed by triangular, fleshy protuberance. Epigyne anteriorly with sclerotized, transverse, semi arched "wings", spermathecae compact, with internal convoluted ducts. Color pattern dark gray with white streaks and spots. Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

++
Aelurillus v-insignitus - form [species] black : Żabka 1997. Salticidae. F. Polski 19: 37-38, 117, f 38-46 + Proszynski, 1971e. Ann. zool., 28: 236, f 8-26 + ©Photo J. Lissner. By courtesy
++
Aelurillus v-insignitus - form [species] gray : Zabka 1997. Salticidae. F. Polski 19: 36-37, 115-116, f 25-37 + COMPARISON
OF EMBOLUS in gray and black forms + Proszynski, 1971e. Ann. zool., 28: 236, f 8-26. By courtesy
Aelurillus kochi: Proszynski 2003a. Ann. zool.: 30-32, f 17, 23, 29, 35, 61-62, 65-69. By courtesy.
++b)
Aelurillus aeruginosus+b) angularis : Proszynski 2003a. Ann. zool., 2003, 53 (1): 20-22, f 8, 13-14, 21, 27, 33,
39-42, 46-49, 53-56 +b) 22, f 57-60 + ©Phot by R. R. Jackson.
By courtesy.
+
Aelurillus basseleti : Proszynski 2003a. Ann. zool.: 36, f 94, 95 + Azarkina, Logunov 2006. Bull. Br. arachn. Soc. 13: 234, f 13-31.
Aelurillus bokerinus: Proszynski 2003a. Ann. zool.: 22-24, f 20, 26, 32, 38, 43-45, 50-52, 63-64. By courtesy.
b)c)
Aelurillus catherinae +b) cognatus +c) jerusalemicus: Proszynski 2003a. Ann. zool.: 53 (1): 24-25, f 18, 24, 30
+b) 25-27, f 63, 64 +c) 30, f 90.. By courtesy.
+
Aelurillus concolor (s. iranus) : Proszynski 1966. Senck. biol., 47: 463-467, f 2-4.7 + Wesolowska 1996.
Arthr. Sel., 5 (1/2): 21-23, f 2a-c, 3 a-c. By courtesy.
Aelurillus conveniens: Proszynski 2003a. Ann. zool.: 27-28, f 11, 15-16, 22, 28, 34, 70-74. By courtesy.
+
Aelurillus faragallai : Proszynski 1993. Fauna of Saudi Arabia. 13: 29, f 1-8. + ©photo Tamas Szuts (types: male and female).
b)
c)
Aelurillus gershomi+b) politiventris : Proszynski 2003a. Ann. zool.53, 1: 28-30, f 75-78, 84-85 +b) 34-35,
f 10, 79-81, 82-83 +c) ©Photo Asaf Uzan. By courtesy.
+
Aelurillus hirtipes: Proszynski 2003a. Ann. zool.: 8(4): 236, f 16-19 [A. sinaicus - paratype from Sinai] + Azarkina, Logunov
2006. Bull. Br. arachnol. Soc. 13: 237, f 33-45. By courtesy.
A)++
B)+
C)
Aelurillus hirtipes: A) verification by drawings of not examined holotype with newly identified specimen + reasons for synonymy + terra typica of holotype - Djaned Oasis with newly identified specimen collected somewhere in Tibesti Mountains; B-C) Proszynski 2003a. Ann. zool.: 8(4): 236, f 16-19[A. sinaicus - paratype from Sinai] + Azarkina, Logunov 2006. Bull.Br. arachnol. Soc. 13: 237, f 33-45. By courtesy.
+
Aelurillus lutosus : Proszynski 1979. Ann. zool. 34: 303, f 1 (holotype). + Azarkina. 2002b. Arthr. Sel., 11 (1): 97-103, f 50-63.
+ b)
Aelurillus m-nigrum +b) nabataeus: Proszynski J. 1979. Ann. zool.: 34: 303, f 2-7 + Azarkina 2002. Bull. Bri. arachn. Soc.,
12 (6): 259-255, f 71,72-80 +b) Proszynski 2003a. Ann. zool. 53, 1: 32-34, f 9, 719-720. By courtesy.
++
+
Aelurillus plumipes [+syn? cervinus & mayeti ]: Proszynski 1976: f 319-322 (Holotype "Algeria, Bona) + 184, f 313-318
+ 2003a. Ann. zool. : 36, f 91- 93 + Azarkina, Logunov 2006. Bull. Br. arachn. Soc. 13: 245, f. 99-108 (Holotype of A. mayeti).
+b)+c)
+d)+
Aelurillus afghanus +b) balearus +c) bosmansi +d) blandus : Azarkina 2006a. A. zool. bulg., Suppl. 1: 64-65, f 1-5
+b) 65-66, f 6-16 +c) 67-68, f 7-26 +d) Azarkina 2002. Bull. British arachn. Soc. 12 (6): 250-251, f 1-8 + Metzner 1999.
Andrias 14: 73-74, 193, 197, f 39a-h, 43k. By courtesy.
Aelurillus ater : Azarkina G. N. 2002b. Arthr. Sel., 11 (1): 89-93, f 1-14, t 1. By courtesy.
+b)+
Aelurillus cretensis +b) kronestedti : Azarkina, 2002 Bull. British arachn. Soc.: 251, f. 9-18 +b) Azarkina 2004.
Bull. British arachn. Soc.13 (2): 49-51, figs 1-10 + Caleb et al. 2015. Tamil Nadu. Peckhamia 124.1: 2, f 1-5. By courtesy.
b)c)
Aelurillus improvisus +b) laniger +c) lopadusae : Azarkina, 2002a Bull. British arachn. Soc.: 12 (6): 253, f 19-30 +b) Logunov,
Marusik 1999. Arthr. Sel. 8 (4): 265, f 1-6 +c) ©photo Tomasinelli - det.by Azarkina [see also: Cantarella 1983: 53, f. 1-9, 13-16].
+b)
Aelurillus logunovi +b) marusiki : Azarkina 2004. Bull. Bri. arachn. Soc.13 (2): 51-52, figs 10-24 +b) Azarkina 2002 Bull.
Brit. arachn. Soc12 (6): 255-257, f 44-53. By courtesy.
Aelurillus minimontanus : Azarkina 2002. Bull. Brit. arachn. Soc., 12 (6): 257, f. 54-62. By courtesy.
+
Aelurillus minutus : Azarkina 2002. Bull. Brit. arachn. Soc., 12 (6): 258-259, f 64-70, 71. By courtesy. ATTENTION: this is not a Rafalus, matching of this female with Rafalus stanislawi is mistake, distribution - as interpreted by Azarkina 2006a - improbable. JP.
b)
Aelurillus muganicus +b) cypriotus : Azarkina G. N. 2002b. Arthr. Sel., 11 (1): 103, f 64-75, t 1 + Azarkina 2006a.
A. zool. bulgarica, Suppl. 1: 68-70, f 28-37. By courtesy.
:
+
b)
Aelurillus nenilini +b) helvenacius : Azarkina 2002a. Brit. arachn. Soc., 12 (6): figs 71, 81-85 + 2002b. Arthr. Sel., 11 (1):
f. 77-80 +b) Logunov 1993c. Arthr. Sel., 2(2): 47-49, f 1a-b. By courtesy.
+
Aelurillus monardi : Azarkina 2002a. Brit. arachn. Soc., 12 (6): figs 71, 81-85 + 2002b. Arthr. Sel., 11 (1):
f. 77-80 +b) Logunov 1993c. Arthr. Sel., 2(2): 47-49, f 1a-b + Azarkina, Logunov 2006. Bull. Br. arachnol. Soc. 13: 243, f 1-8, 83-97 + Lucas 1846: 156, t 7, f 2 + ©Photo J. Holstein. By courtesy.
Aelurillus madagascariensis : Azarkina 2009. J. afrotr. Zool.: 5: 174-176, f 14-28, 33-34. By courtesy.
Aelurillus russelsmithi : Azarkina, 2009. J. afrotr. Zool.: 5: 171-174, f 1-13, 30-32, 35. By courtesy.
b)
Aelurillus unitibialis +b) leipoldae : Azarkina 2002a. Bull. Brit. arachn. Soc.,Soc., 12 (6): 261-262, f 86-96 +b) 253, f 31-43.
+
Aelurillus luctuosus : Azarkina, Logunov 2006. Bull. Br. arach. Soc. 13: 238, f 9-12, 46-8 + Lucas 1846: 139, t 5, f 7.
+
Aelurillus brutus : Wesolowska 1996. Arthr. Sel., 5 (1/2): 23-24, f 4a-b + Azarkina 2002b. Arthr. Sel.,
11 (1): 93-94, f 15-28, t 1. By courtesy.
Aelurillus dubatolovi : Azarkina 2002b. Arthr. Sel. 11(1): 95-97, f 29-49. By courtesy.
Aelurillus subaffinis : Szuts, Azarkina 2002. Ann. Hist.-Nat. Hung., 94: 209-215, f 1-6 (Lectotype) + ©photo T. Szuts, 2001.
b)c)d)
Aelurillus galinae +b) jocquei +c) guecki +d) andreevae: Wesolowska,van Harten, 2010. Arthr. Fauna UAE. 3: 28, f 1-7,
photo 1-2 +b) Wesołowska,Russel-Smith 2011 Ann. zool. 61(3): 557, f 215, 216 +c) Metzner 1999. Andrias 14: 74-75, 194, 197,
f 40a-k, 43i, map 42. By courtesy.
Aelurillus kopetdaghi : Wesolowska W. 1996. Arthropoda Selecta, 5 (1/2): 24-25, f 5a-d, 6a-c. By courtesy.
Aelurillus mirabilis : Wesolowska 2006b. African Entomology, 14 (2): 225-256, f 1-16. . By courtesy.
b)
Aelurillus reconditus [MISPLACED] +b) tumidulus: Wesolowska, van Harten 1994: 2-4, f 3-5 [placement?]
+b) Wesolowska, Tomasiewicz, 2008. J. Afrotr. Zool. 4: 4-5, f 1-4 . By courtesy.
or?+
Aelurillus lucasi : ©Phot J. Holstein©Photo J. Lissner. By courtesy. [see also: Wunderlich, 1995b: 420, f. 39-41].
b)
Aelurillus numidicus b) steinmetzi : Lucas 1846: 152, t 6, f 10. +b) Metzner H. 1999. Andrias 14: 76-77,
195, 197, f 41a-k, 43h . By courtesy.
b)
Aelurillus schembri +b) tenebrosus : Cantarella T. 1982b. Animalia, 9 (1/3): 239-244, f 1-4, 10-18
+b).Dobroruka 2002a. Biol. Gal.-hellen. 28: 8, f 5-13 +c) Butt, Beg 2000 Pakist. J. Zool. 32 (1): 75, f 1a-d. By courtesy.

Aelurillus khorasanicus: Azarkina, G. N. & O. Mirshamsi. 2014. Zoology in the Middle East 60:
82-91. http://www.taylorandfrancis.com/ .  Article purchase price USD 48.00.

Gen. Asianellus Logunov, Heciak, 1996 (6 species)

Type species Asianellus festivus.
DIAGNOSIS. Confront to general characteristics of AELURILLINES which have the whole bulbus covered by opaque sclerotized tegulum and a coil of embolus hidden behind anterior part of tegulum, from where only its tip protrudes. Bulbus usually ends posteriorly by sharp pointed triangle, sometimes with narrow "tail". There is often also a small, conical protuberance ("bump") on tegulum. Tibial apophysis is short and robust, sometimes sclerotized and hook like, often accompanied dorsally by fleshy protuberance. Female epigyne, usually in a form of sclerotized flat plate, with indistinct, small copulatory openings, but often with sclerotized "wings" or edges, sclerotized chambers of spermathecae in a form of a pair of compact bodies with convoluted internal chambers, or a chain of irregular chambers. Copulatory ducts are sclerotized, or short and indistinct, even invisible.
More detailed features include two striking, unusual characters: in males developed longer fleshy dorsal ramus of tibial apophysis arching anteriorly to broad and short, pointed apically sclerotized ventral ramus. In females the prominent character are copulatory ducts in epigyne, sclerotized and running straight anteriorly, which turn abruptly medially after passing the mid-length of epigyne, then, making 180 turn, they produce short spermathecae, located centrally and directed posteriorly. Spermathecae consist of a few internal, convoluted chambers. That structure is comparable to those developed in Phlegra and Langona, where, however size of spermatheca and number of chambers is enormous and size of copulatory ducts reduced, in some cases to almost nil. Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

++
Asianellus festivus : Logunov, Heciak 1996. Ent. Scand. 27: 106-108, figs 1-5, 8, 10, 17-19, 23-28, 35, 39 + Proszynski 1984a.
Ann. zool.: 379-389, f 15-24 + ©Photo J. Lissner. By courtesy
.
b) c)
Asianellus kazakhstanicus +b) kuraicus c) sahariensis : Logunov, Heciak 1996. Ent. Scand. 27: 108-109, f 6-13, 33-34,
37, 40-42 +b) Logunov, Marusik 1999. Arthr. Sel. 8 (4): 267, f. 16-17 +c) Berland, Millot 1941.Mem. Mus. Nat. Hist. Natur.,
12, 2: 301 f. 1. By courtesy
.
Asianellus ontchalaan : Logunov, Heciak 1996. Ent. Scand. 27: 109-113, f 9, 11, 14-16, 20-22, 29-30, 38, 44-48. By courtesy.
+
Asianellus potanini : Proszynski 1982. Ann. hist. nat. Mus. hung., 74: 276-277, ff. 2, 4-5, 6, 8, 10-11 + Wesolowska 1981b. Ann. zool. 36: 153-154, ff. 72-80 + Logunov, Heciak 1996. Ent. Scand. 27: 113-114, figs 7, 12, 31-32, 36, 43, 49-56. .

Gen. Langelurillus Próchniewicz, 1994 (17 species)

Type species Langelurillus primus.
DIAGNOSIS. Confront to general characteristics of AELURILLINES which have the whole bulbus covered by opaque sclerotized tegulum and a coil of embolus hidden behind anterior part of tegulum, from where only its tip protrudes. Bulbus usually ends posteriorly by sharp pointed triangle, sometimes with narrow "tail". There is often also a small, conical protuberance ("bump") on tegulum. Tibial apophysis is short and robust, sometimes sclerotized and hook like, often accompanied dorsally by fleshy protuberance. Female epigyne, usually in a form of sclerotized flat plate, with indistinct, small copulatory openings, but often with sclerotized "wings" or edges, sclerotized chambers of spermathecae in a form of a pair of compact bodies with convoluted internal chambers, or a chain of irregular chambers. Copulatory ducts are sclerotized, or short and indistinct, even invisible.
More detailed features of the genus
include broader and higher bulbus, shape of tibial apophysis more complicated, spermathecae oval, set transversally, arches of copulatory ducts arranged transversally in the mid-length of epigyne. Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition. REMARK. Placement of some forms require revision.

Langelurillus sp.: Maddison 2015. Journal of Arachnology. 43: 231–292, f. 116. By courtesy.
b)c)
Langelurillus primus +b) holmi +c) spinosus : Prochniewicz 1994. Ann. zool., 45: 28-31, figs 1a-e, 2a-e +b) 31, figs 3a-f +c) 31, figs 4a-g. By courtesy. .
b)
Langelurillus alboguttatus +b) cedarbergensis : Wesolowska, Russel-Smith, 2000. Trop. Zool., 13 (1): 50-51,
figs 111-115 +b) Haddad & Wesołowska, 2013: 24(3-4): 485-487, f 57-62. By courtesy
.
Langelurillus furcatus : Wesolowska, Russel-Smith, 2000. Trop. Zool., 13 (1): 55-57, figs 126-135. By courtesy.
b)c)
Langelurillus horrifer +b) ignorabilis +c) krugeri : Rollard, Wesolowska 2002. Zoosystema. 24 (2): 29-298, figs 11A-B
+b) Wesołowska, Cumming, 2008. Ann. zool. 58: 192, f 75-78 +c) Wesołowska & Haddad 2013. Afr. Invert.: 54 (1):
207-208, f 87, 88. By courtesy
.
b)
Langelurillus manifestus +b) minutus : Wesolowska W., A. Russel-Smith, 2000. Trop. Zool. 13 (1): 57-60, figs 136-147
+ Wesolowska, Cumming, 2011: J. Afrotrop. Zool. .7: 79-81, 13-22, 95. By courtesy
.
b)c)
Langelurillus namibicus +b) nigritus +c) orbicularis : Wesolowska 2011. © Genus, 22(2): 320-321, f 32-33
+b) Rollard, Wesolowska 2002. Zoosystema. 24 (2): 297-298, figs 12A-H, 13A-F +c) Wesołowska, Cumming, 2008.
Ann. zool. 58: 192-195, f 79-85. By courtesy
.
b)
Langelurillus rufus +b) quadrimaculatus : Wesolowska, Russel-Smith 2000. Tropical Zoology, 13 (1): 52-54, figs 116-125+b) Wesolowska, Russel-Smith. Ann. zool. 61(3): 578-579, f 82-89, 228r. . By courtesy.
Langelurillus sibandai : Wesolowska 2011. © Genus, 22(2): 321-322, f 34-35, 89. By courtesy.

Gen. Langona Simon, 1901 (38 species)

Type species Langona redii.
DIAGNOSIS. Confront to general characteristics of AELURILLINES which have the whole bulbus covered by opaque sclerotized tegulum and a coil of embolus hidden behind anterior part of tegulum, from where only its tip protrudes. Bulbus usually ends posteriorly by sharp pointed triangle, sometimes with narrow "tail". There is often also a small, conical protuberance ("bump") on tegulum. Tibial apophysis is short and robust, sometimes sclerotized and hook like, often accompanied dorsally by fleshy protuberance. Female epigyne, usually in a form of sclerotized flat plate, with indistinct, small copulatory openings, but often with sclerotized "wings" or edges, spermathecae in form of a pair of compact bodies with convoluted internal chambers, or a chain of irregular chambers. Copulatory ducts are sclerotized, or short and indistinct, even invisible.
However, the genus Langona departs strikingly from general characters of the group of genera by the following features. In females epigyne is divided into two part parts occupying different levels. The sclerotized part is limited to anterior half of epigyne and has a form of sclerotized rim, surrounding huge, membranous, white "window". It is separated by high, vertical wall, from posterior, lower part. There is a pair of strange, sclerotized internal balloons, having no discernible connections with any other structures, possibly providing skeletal support to the elevated part. The depressed part has thinner, softer tegument, is broad oval shaped and extending towards edge of epigyne. Spermathecae in a form of bent, sausage shaped compact bodies, consisting of a maze of irregular chambers and convoluted ducts. Copulatory openings hidden under lateral rims of the "window", copulatory ducts thin walled, short, barely visible on the background of sclerotized structures. In males tibial apophysis is single, narrow, of moderate length and slightly bent, or inclined. It is accompanied by bunch of stiff, black bristles. Dorsum of cymbium with broad, scattered scales. Body of both sexes dark gray with white abdominal streak and a pair of less striking white streaks along edges of thorax. Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

Langona redii : Proszynski 2003a. Annales zoologici. 51: 82-84, figs 309-314, 322-324. By courtesy.
Langona oreni : Proszynski 2003a. Ann.zool.: 82, figs 315-317, 319-321 + ©Photo Oren Hasson. By courtesy.
Langona alfensis : Heciak, Proszynski 1983. Ann. zool., 37, 4: 226-227, ff. 3, 6-7, 22-23, 28-29. By courtesy.
Langona albolinea : Caleb et al., 2015. Tamil Nadu. Peckhamia 124(1): 3-4, f 6-15.. By courtesy.
+
Langona bhutanica : Heciak, Proszynski 1983. Ann. zool., 37, 4: 230-232, ff. 10-11, 19-21, 36 + Proszynski 1978a. Ent. bas.,Basel, 3, 7: 10-11, ff. 4-6. By courtesy.
++
Langona bristowei : Heciak, Proszynski 1983. Ann. zool., 37, 4: 211, f. 16, 26+ Berland L., Millot J. 1941. Mem. Mus. Nat. Hist. Natur. 12, 2: 304 f. 4. +Wesołowska, Russel-Smith. .Ann. zool. 61(3): 579-580, f 90-92 [conspecific?]. By courtesy.
b)c)d)
Langona goaensis +b) kurracheensis +c) mallezi +d) sp [Sarawak] : Proszynski 1992b. Ann. zool., 44, 9: 183, fig. 72-75 +b) Heciak, Proszynski 1983. Ann. zool., 37, 4: 228-229, ff. 13-14, 33, 41 +c) Proszynski 2003a.Ann. zool.,: 84, f. 318 +d) Proszynski (unpublished Langona sp [Sarawak]) - (specimen sent to G. Azarkina). By courtesy.
+
+b)
Langona pallida +b) pallidula : Proszynski 2003a. Ann.zool.: 82, figs 315-317, 319-321 +b) Wesolowska, van Harten 2010: UAE, 3: 37, pl 9-11, f 25-30 + Logunov, Zamanpoore 2005. Bull. British arachn. Soc. 13(6): 221-222, f 8-14 +b) Logunov, Rakov 1998. Artropoda Selecta, 7(2): 122, figs 18-24, . By courtesy.
b)
Langona simoni +b) tortuosa : Heciak, Proszynski 1983. Ann. zool., 37, 4: 227, f. 24, 30-31 +b) Wesolowska 2011 © Genus, 22(2): 330-331, f 56-60.. By courtesy.
+
++
Langona tartarica : Proszynski J. 1979. Ann. zool., 34: 323, ff. 11-14 +b) Heciak, Proszynski 1983. Ann. zool., 37, 4: 229-230, ff. 8-9, 18, 34-35, 42-43 + Logunov, Rakov 1998. Arthr. Sel., 7(2): 122, figs 25-36 +.Proszynski 2003a. Ann.zool.: 82, figs 315-317, 319-321 + Wesolowska W., van Harten A. 2007. Fauna of Arabia, 23: 224-225, f 99-102, phot 25 [©Photo B. Knoflach]. By courtesy.
b)+
Langona tigrina +b) trifoveolata: Heciak, Proszynski 1983. Ann. zool., 37, 4: 228, ff. 17, 32, 39 +b) 211, ff. 15, 27, 40 + Logunov, Azarkina 2006. Revue Suisse de zoologie, 113(4): 739-241, f 54-55. By courtesy.
+b)
Langona bethae +b) fusca [both MISPLACED] : Wesolowska & Cumming, 2011: J. Afrotrop. Zool. .7: 81-83, f 23-31, 92-93 +b)Wesolowska 2011. © Genus, 22(2): 324-325, f 41-42. By courtesy.
Langona hirsuta : Haddad, Wesołowska 2011. © Afr. Invertebr. 52(1): 79-82, f 64-65, 76-84.. By courtesy.
b)c)
Langona improcera +b) lotzi +c) magna : Wesolowska, Russel-Smith, 2000. Trop. Zool., 13 (1): 60-61, f 148-150 +Haddad, Wesołowska 2011. © Afr. Invertebr. 52(1): 82-84, f 66-67, 85-92 +c) Caporiacco 1947d. Annls hist.-nat. Mus. nat. hung. 40: 238, T. 2 F. 71.. By courtesy.
b)c)
Langona mediocris +b) pilosa +c) sabulosa : Wesolowska W. 1999a. Arnoldia Zimbabwe, 10(15): 156-157, figs 30-38 +b) Wesolowska 2011. © Genus, 22(2): 325-327, f 43-48 +c) 327-329, f 49-55, 90-91. By courtesy.
b)+
Langona bitumorata +b) pecten : Prochniewicz, Heciak 1994. Ann.zool.: 45: 35-36, f 2a-k. +b) 36, figs 3a-f +Wesolowska, Cumming, 2011: J. Afrotrop. Zool. .7: 83-84, f 32-34. By courtesy.
b)c)d)
Langona vitiosa +b) avara +c) ukualuthensis +d) senegalensis : Wesolowska 2006b. Afr. Ent., 14 (2): 239, f 58-62 +b) Peckham, Peckham 1903: 241 T. 28 F. 5 +c) Lawrence, 1927. 34 (17): 61 T. 2 F. 47 +d) Berland L., Millot J. 1941. Mem. Mus. Nat. Hist. Natur. 12, 2: 305, f 5. By courtesy.
Langona warchalowskii : Wesolowska 2007b: 18(4): 783-786, f 1-8. By courtesy
Langona zimbabwensis : Wesolowska & Cumming, 2011: J. Afrotrop. Zool. .7: 84, f 35-39, 101. © By courtesy.
b)c)d)
Langona atrata +b) biangula +c) maculata +d) hongkong : Peng X., Tang G., Li S., 2008.© Acta zootaxon. sin. 33: 248, f 1-4 +b) Peng X.J., Li S.Q., Yang Z.Z. 2004. Raffles Bull. Zool. 52:202, f 1a-e +c) 203, f 2a-e +d) .Song, Zhu, Chen 1999: 532, figs 302I-J. By courtesy.
b)
Langona aperta +b) calcuttaensis: Logunov, Zamanpoore 2005. Bull. British arachn. Soc. 13(6): 220-221, f 1-6. + Denis, 1958. Videns. Meddrdansk naturh. Foren.: 110, f. 41 +b) Biswas B. 1984. Bull. Zool. Surv. India 6: 123-125, f 11-13. By courtesy.

M Gen. Mashonarus Wesolowska, Cumming, 2002 (3 species)

Type species Mashonarus guttatus .
DIAGNOSIS. Confront to general characteristics of AELURILLINES which have the whole bulbus covered by opaque sclerotized tegulum and a coil of embolus hidden behind anterior part of tegulum, from where only its tip protrudes. Bulbus usually ends posteriorly by sharp pointed triangle, sometimes with narrow "tail". There is often also a small, conical protuberance ("bump") on tegulum. Tibial apophysis is short and robust, sometimes sclerotized and hook like, often accompanied dorsally by fleshy protuberance. Female epigyne, usually in a form of sclerotized flat plate, with indistinct, small copulatory openings, but often with sclerotized "wings" or edges, sclerotized chambers of spermathecae in a form of a pair of compact bodies with convoluted internal chambers, or a chain of irregular chambers. Copulatory ducts are sclerotized, or short and indistinct, even invisible.
More detailed features of the genus
include tibial apophysis single, short and gently bent, bulbus narrow. Epigyne different, with simple, oval spermathecae and short straight ducts, both arranged transversally, in the mid-length of epigyne. Body black, with pair of white streak on abdomen, which in the type species is broken into pairs (two or three) of round white dots, there is a pair of white streaks on carapace. Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

Mashonarus guttatus Wesolowska W,. Cummings 2002. Bull. British arachn. Soc. 12 (4): 167-170, figs 1-19. By courtesy.
Mashonarus brandbergensis Wesolowska, 2006 Wesolowska W. 2006b. African Ent., 14 (2): 239-243, f 63-77. By courtesy.
Mashonarus davidi Caleb et al., 2015. Tamil Nadu. Peckhamia 124(1): 5-6, f 16-25. By courtesy.

Gen. Microheros Wesolowska, Cumming, 1999 (1 species)

Type species Microheros termitophagus.
DIAGNOSIS. Confront to general characteristics of AELURILLINES which have the whole bulbus covered by opaque sclerotized tegulum and a coil of embolus hidden behind anterior part of tegulum, from where only its tip protrudes. Bulbus usually ends posteriorly by sharp pointed triangle, sometimes with narrow "tail". There is often also a small, conical protuberance ("bump") on tegulum. Tibial apophysis is short and robust, sometimes sclerotized and hook like, often accompanied dorsally by fleshy protuberance. Female epigyne, usually in a form of sclerotized flat plate, with indistinct, small copulatory openings, but often with sclerotized "wings" or edges, sclerotized chambers of spermathecae in a form of a pair of compact bodies with convoluted internal chambers, or a chain of irregular chambers. Copulatory ducts are sclerotized, or short and indistinct, even invisible.
Placement of this genus, perhaps related to Stenaelurillus, is uncertain, due to
palps modified, with tegulum shorter and with waving process anteriorly, longer part of embolus protruding under the tegulum. Epigyne very unusual, with postero-medial copulatory openings, copulatory ducts running parallel towards anterior rim of the plate, then semicircling entire epigyne laterally, their posterior half being broader, and finally joining spermathecae stretching medially along epigyne. Color pattern resembling Phlegra and Langona, with body black, striking white streak on abdomen and a pair of white streaks along the thorax. Occur in large number on termite mounds, feeding on termites (see enclosed photos). Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

Microheros termitophagus [classification uncertain] : Proszynski J. 2003a.Wesolowska. Cumming 1999. Bull. British arachn. Soc., 11 (5): 204-208, figs 1-21. By courtesy.

Gen. Phanuelus Caleb, Mungkung, Mathai, 2015 (1 species)

Type species Phanuelus gladstone.
DIAGNOSIS. Confront to general characteristics of AELURILLINES which have the whole bulbus covered by opaque sclerotized tegulum and a coil of embolus hidden behind anterior part of tegulum, from where only its tip protrudes. Bulbus usually ends posteriorly by sharp pointed triangle, sometimes with narrow "tail". There is often also a small, conical protuberance ("bump") on tegulum. Tibial apophysis is short and robust, sometimes sclerotized and hook like, often accompanied dorsally by fleshy protuberance. Female epigyne, usually in a form of sclerotized flat plate, with indistinct, small copulatory openings, but often with sclerotized "wings" or edges, sclerotized chambers of spermathecae in a form of a pair of compact bodies with convoluted internal chambers, or a chain of irregular chambers. Copulatory ducts are sclerotized, or short and indistinct, even invisible.
Genus r
ecognizable by striking body appearance, squat, with carapace high, dorsally square, posterior wall of thorax vertical. There is a thick line of white setae beneath ventral rim of eyes anterior median, and less striking white line above chelicerae, both separated by black clypeus, Abdomen orange, almond shaped, slightly shorter than carapace. Palps confronting AELURILLINES, with two indistinct apophyses and a bunch of long dark setae along dorsal edge of tibia. Epigyne atypical, with postero-lateral copulatory openings, ducts twisted somewhat like distorted "S", spermathecae short, pyriform, located postero-medially. Pocket long and narrow, translucent postero-medially. Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

+
Phanuelus gladstone : Caleb et al., 2015. Tamil Nadu. Peckhamia 124(1): 7-10, f 26-40. By courtesy.

Gen. Phlegra Simon, 1876 (77 species)

Type species Phlegra fasciata.
DIAGNOSIS. Confront to general characteristics of AELURILLINES which have the whole bulbus covered by opaque sclerotized tegulum and a coil of embolus hidden behind anterior part of tegulum, from where only its tip protrudes. Bulbus usually ends posteriorly by sharp pointed triangle, sometimes with narrow "tail". There is often also a small, conical protuberance ("bump") on tegulum. Tibial apophysis is short and robust, sometimes sclerotized and hook like, often accompanied dorsally by fleshy protuberance. Female epigyne, usually in a form of sclerotized flat plate, with indistinct, small copulatory openings, but often with sclerotized "wings" or edges, sclerotized chambers of spermathecae in a form of a pair of compact bodies with convoluted internal chambers, or a chain of irregular chambers. Copulatory ducts are sclerotized, or short and indistinct, even invisible.
Phlegra departs from the above definition
by shape of epigyne and spermatheca, and also by tibial apophyses. Epigyne is plate-like, with two large, oval, or distorted oval-like depressions. Copulatory openings are hidden under anterior rim of depression, ducts run ahead, often funnel-like, next passing into sclerotized spermathecae, which are bent sausage shaped, with numerous internal chambers. The ducts and spermathecae are comparable in several genera, but length of spermathecae different: in Asianellus (spermathecae short), Phlegra (spermathecae of middle length) and Langona (spermathecae very long), the number of internal chamber being proportional to the length of spermatheca. In males tibial apophysis consist of two rami separated by a narrow gap, in species in which both rami are pointed the dividing gap is narrow, "V" shaped and, incidentally, their embolus is longer and stretches outside tegulum along groove on tip of cymbium. In species in which dorsal ramus is blunt, the gap is broader, "U" shaped, its walls are parallel, tip of embolus is flattened plate-like, shorter and broader. In species with black cymbium the observation of shape of black, sclerotized tibial apophysis may be difficult and require separation of cymbium from tibia. Body color pattern includes either prominent white stripe along abdomen and two stripes along thorax, or is gray with two lines of darker spots along abdomen. The clypeus is striking by having contrasting white setae. Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

++
+
Phlegra fasciata : Zabka 1997. Fauna Polski 19: 5-187, f 259-264 + Azarkina 2003. Rev. Arachn. 14, (6): 87-90, f 110, 118, 120-121 + Logunov 1996d. Genus, 7 (3): 544-547, f 1, 2, 17-26 + ©Photo J. Lissner. By courtesy.
Phlegra bresnieri : Logunov 1996e. Genus, 7 (3): 562-564, f 4-5, 26, 74-80 + ©Photo J. Lissner. By courtesy.
+
Phlegra hentzi : Logunov D.V., Kopponen S. 2002. Bull. British arachn. Soc. 12 (6): 264-267, f 1-8 + Kaston 1948. Bull. Conn. St. geol. nat. Hist. Surv. 70: 460-461, t 90, f 1669-1674.. By courtesy.
b)
Phlegra amitaii +b) dimentmani: Proszynski. 2003a. Ann. zool. 53, 1: 125, f 507-509 +b) 125-125, f 524-525. By courtesy.
b)c)
Phlegra ferberorum +b) v-epigynalis +c) levyi : Proszynski 2003a. Ann. zool: 53, 1: 128-129, f 534-535 +b) 135, f 530-531 +c) 129-130, f 526-527. By courtesy.
b)+
Phlegra shulovi +b) palestinensis : Proszynski 2003a. Ann. zool: 53, 1: 133-134, f 528-529 +b) 130-131, f 726-728 + Logunov 1996. Arthr. Sel., 5 (1/2): 61-62, f 8-14.. By courtesy.
b)
Phlegra jacksoni +b) rothi : Proszynsk 2003a. Ann. zool: 53, 1 : 129, f 516-518 +b) 132, f 519-521. By courtesy.
+b)
Phlegra pori +b) fulvastra: Proszynski 2003. Ann. zool: 53, 1: 131-132, f 532-533 +b) 128-129, f 534-535. By courtesy.
Phlegra particeps : Proszynski 2003a. Ann. zool: 53, 1: 131, f 510-515 By courtesy.
b)c)
Phlegra samchiensis+b) sp. cf.particeps [Bhutan] +c) thibetana[2 sp?] : Proszynski J. 1978a. Ent. bas.,Basel, 3, 7: 12-14, f 11-13 +b) : 11-12, f 7-10 +c) 14-15, f 14-18 (third drawing of epigyne - posterolateral view). By courtesy.
Phlegra stephaniae : Proszynski 2003a. Ann. zool: 53, 1: 134-135, f 549-554. By courtesy.
b)+
Phlegra tillyae +b) yaelae : Proszynski 2003a. Annales zoologici. 53, 1: 135, f 543-548 +b) 135, f 536-542 + Azarkina 2003. Revue Arachn. 14, (6): 103-104, f 110, 119, 122-123. By courtesy.
b)c)
Phlegra tetralineata +b) sp ? +c) soudanica: Proszynski 1987. Atlas ...: 77 +b) Azarkina 2003. Rev.Arachn., 14, (6): 103-104, figs 110, 119, 122-123 [misidentified] +c) Logunov D. V., Azarkina G.N. 2006. Rev. Suisse zool., 113(4): 739-241, f 54-55.
b)
Phlegra andreevae +b) bicognata:Azarkina 2003. Rev. Arachn., 14, (6): 75-78, f 9-10, 15-16, 29-31, 36.+b)78-5-78, f 42-43, 57-60,76-79, 97-100, 102. . By courtesy.
+b)
Phlegra sp. : Wesolowska, van Harten 2007, 23: 242-244, f 149-©Photo Phot by B. Knoflach. By courtesy.
b)+
Phlegra dunini +b) etosha :Azarkina G. N. 2003. Rev. Arachn., 14, (6): 85-87, f 110-113 +b) Logunov, Azarkina 2006. Rev. Suisse zool., 113(4): 730-731, f 8-15 + Haddad, Wesołowska 2011. © Afr. Invertebr. 52(1): 102-1104, f 136-137, 146-150.
+b) +c)
Phlegra gagnoa +b) touba +c) tristis : Logunov, Azarkina 2006. Rev. Suisse zool., 113(4): 731-732, f 16-19 + Wesołowska, Russel-Smith 2011: Ann. zool. 61(3): 590, f 136-139 +b) 591-592, f 140-142 + Logunov, Azarkina 2006. Rev. Suisse zool., 113(4): 741-743, f 58-71 +c) .744-745, f 72-74 (75 = P. ugubris) By courtesy.
b)
Phlegra kulczynskii +b) profuga : Azarkina 2003. Rev. Arachn. 14, (6): 90-95, f 40-41, 47, 54-56, 68-71, 87-91, 101 +b) Logunov 1996d. Genus, 7 (3): 553-556, f 49-56. By courtesy.
Phlegra logunovi : Azarkina 2003. Revue Arachn. 14, (6): 95-98, f 17-22. By courtesy.
+b)
Phlegra lugubris +b) langanoensis : Logunov, Azarkina 2006. Rev. suisse zool. 113(4): 744-745, f 20-29. + Heciak "Revision Phlegra", PhD thesis +b) Wesolowska & Cumming, 2011: J. Afrotrop. Zool. 7: 90, f 51-52. By courtesy.
+
Phlegra sogdiana: Proszynski 2003a. Ann. zool.. 53, 1: 135, f 536-542 +Azarkina 2003.Rev. Arachn. 14, (6): 101-103, f 23-28 + Andreeva 1976. Pauki Tadzikistana: 86-87, f 110-115. By courtesy.
b) +c)
Phlegra arborea +b) certa +c) atra : Wesołowska, Haddad 2009. Afr. Invert., 50(1): 70, f. 136-141 +b) 71-72, 142-146 +c) Wesołowska, Tomasiewicz 2008. J. Afrotr. Zool., 4: 39, f 150-151. By courtesy.
+b)
Phlegra imperiosa +b) varia: Peckhams 1903. 14 (1): 242, t 28, f 7-a. + Heciak "Revision ... Phlegra", PhD thesis +b) Wesołowska 2012: 20(2): 332-333.129, f 516-518 [comparison imperiosa (syntype - f 30, 32) with P. imperiosa-cf (f 31, 33)] +b) Wesolowska, Russel-Smith. 2000. Trop. Zool., 13 (1): 87-89, f 239-240. By courtesy.
++b)
Phlegra karoo + parvula : Wesolowska & Cumming, 2011: J. Afrotrop. Zool. .7: 88-90, f 46-50 + Haddad, Wesołowska 2011. Afr. Invertebr. 52(1): 104-107, f 138-139, 151-159129, f 516-518 +b) Wesolowska., Russel-Smith. 2000. Trop. Zool., 13 (1): 86-87, f 230-231. By courtesy.
b)c)
Phlegra procera +b) simplex +c) solitaria : Wesolowska, Cumming 2008. Ann. zool. 58: 205-207, 122-130 +b) Wesolowska, Russel-Smith 2000. Trop. Zool. 13 (1): 87, f 232-238 +c) Wesołowska, Tomasiewicz, 2008. J. Afrotr.l Zool. 4: 43-44, 164-166.
++b)
Phlegra pusilla +b) tenella : Wesołowska, Tomasiewicz, 2008. J. Afr. Zool., 4: 41-43, 158-163. +Wesolowska & Cumming, 2011: J. Afrotrop. Zool. .7: 90-91, f 59-60 +Logunov, Azarkina 2006. Revue Suisse zool., 113(4): 737-739, f 41-53 +b) Wesolowska 2006b. Afr. Ent., 14 (2): 250, f 109-112. . By courtesy.
b)
Phlegra bifurcata +b) caboverdensis : Wesolowska 1998. Bol. Mus. Mun. Funchal, 50 (291): 129-130, f 30-39 +b) Neon [sic!] caboverdensis Schmidt G.E. W., Krause R. H. 1998. Entomol. Z. n 108 (10): 425-426, f 11. . By courtesy.
b)
Phlegra chrysops +b) crumena : Heciak. PhD Thesis: Revision of types of Phlegra ["10757 P. chrysops E. S. Aden!" (MNHN-Paris)] +b) Prochniewicz M., Heciak S. 1994. Ann. zool., 45: 37, f 4a-e. By courtesy.
b) +c)
Phlegra levis +b) lineata +c) cf-lineata : Prochniewicz M., Heciak S. 1994. Ann. zool., 45: 37, f 5a-e. +b) Metzner 1999. Andrias: 14 70-71, 189, f 35a-l +c) Proszynski 2003a. Ann. zool.: 137-138, f 555-561 [studied & drawn by S. Heciak].
b)
Phlegra loripes +b) memorialis : (a+b)Heciak. PhD Thesis: Revision of types of Phlegra +129, f 516-518. By courtesy.
b)
Phlegra msilana n.sp. +b) theseusi : Heciak. PhD Thesis: Revision of types of Phlegra +b) Logunov 2001b. Arthr. Sel., 10 (1): 61-62, f 8-14. By courtesy.
+
Phlegra nitidiventris: Proszynski 2003a. Annales zoologici. 53, 1: 137-138, f 562-563 + .Heciak. PhD Thesis: Revision of types of Phlegra. By courtesy. Abdomen covered by black, light reflecting scutum, like Aelurillus politiventris. Note diagnostic dorsal protuberance at the end of flat part of thorax.
b)
Phlegra sp [arboret] +sp [Java] : 2 species from Borneo and Java, drawn by Proszyński and Heciak [sent for further study to Azarkina].
+b)c)d)e)
Phlegra albostriata +b) carinata +c) mirabilis +d) fulviventris +e) fulvotrilineata: Lessert. 1936. Rev. suisse zool., 43(9): 294, f 91 + Wesolowska, Haddad C.R., 2014 . Lesotho. Afr. Invert. 55 (2), 257-258, f 94–97 +b) Butt A., Beg M. A. 2000. Pakist. J. Zool. 32 (1): 78, f 4A-B +c) 76, f. 2A-C +d) Lucas 1846: 151, t 6, f 1 +e) 155, t 7, f 7. By courtesy.
Phlegra prasanna : Caleb et al., 2015. Tamil Nadu. Peckhamia 124(1): 11-12, f 47-56. ©Photo J. Caleb. By courtesy.
b)
Phlegra sp [Shazia 1] +b) sp [Shazia 2] : ©Photo Shazia Quasin 2011. [ Nanda Devi Reserve 2000-4000 m, Uttarakhand, India]. By courtesy.
++
Phlegra cinereofasciata : Azarkina 2003. 14, (6): 82-85, figs 64-67 + S. Heciak. Paralectotype + © Photo A. Tok. By courtesy.
+b)c)
Phlegra nuda +b) pisarskii +c) proszynskii : Prochniewicz M., Heciak S. 1994. Ann. zool., 45: 37, f 6a-f. + Wesolowska, Russel-Smith. 2000. Trop. Zool., 13 (1): 84-85, f 225-229 +b) Zabka 1985.Ann. zool., 39, 11: 431, f 455-457 +c) Żabka, 2012. ©Zootaxa 3176: 62-63, f 1-7. By courtesy.
b)
Phlegra obscurimagna +b) rogenhoferi : Azarkina 2003. Revue Arachn. 14, (6): 98-100, f 44-45, 61-63, 72-75, 92-96, 103 +b) Heciak "Revision ... Phlegra", PhD thesis. By courtesy.
+ +
Phlegra sierrana : Proszynski - type specimen of Pseudomogrus pennatus + Azarkina 2003. 14, (6): 73-108, figs 105-110 + Heciak "Revision ... Phlegra", PhD thesis. By courtesy.

Gen. Proszynskiana Logunov, 1996 (6 species)

Type species Proszynskiana starobogatovi.
DIAGNOSIS. Confront to general characteristics of AELURILLINES which have the whole bulbus covered by opaque sclerotized tegulum and a coil of embolus hidden behind anterior part of tegulum, from where only its tip protrudes. Bulbus usually ends posteriorly by sharp pointed triangle, sometimes with narrow "tail". There is often also a small, conical protuberance ("bump") on tegulum. Tibial apophysis is short and robust, sometimes sclerotized and hook like, often accompanied dorsally by fleshy protuberance. Female epigyne, usually in a form of sclerotized flat plate, with indistinct, small copulatory openings, but often with sclerotized "wings" or edges, sclerotized chambers of spermathecae in a form of a pair of compact bodies with convoluted internal chambers, or a chain of irregular chambers. Copulatory ducts are sclerotized, or short and indistinct, even invisible.
Judging from published drawings palp resembles Aelurillus, but differs by broader embolus. Epigyne resembles externally Aelurillus, with two sclerotized semiarches anteriorly, but its internal structures are different: copulatory ducts are thickwalled and run marginally along the whole length of epigyne, spermathecae small, located posteriorly, their internal structure is not clear. Species seem to differ by facial pattern of dark and light areas, eyes anterior lateral are relatively large and located just above level of anterior median ones (see figs 5-12 in the original descriptions - reproduced below). Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

Proszynskiana starobogatovi : Logunov D. V. 1996e. Bull. Br. Arachnol. Soc. 10 (5): 175-176, f 1-2, 9-10, 13-14, 39, 47-53.
b)
Proszynskiana aeluriforma +b) sp [Tadjikistan] : Logunov, Rakov 1998. Arthr. Sel., 7(2): 129-130, f 51-54 +b) 130, f 82-83.
Proszynskiana deserticola : Logunov 1996e. Bull. Br. Arachnol. Soc. 10 (5): 172-173, f 11-12, 15, 23, 27-38. By courtesy.
Proszynskiana iranica: Logunov 1996e. Bull. Br. Arachnol. Soc. 10 (5): 174-175, f 7-8, 39-46.
>
Proszynskiana zonshteini : Logunov 1996e. Bull. Br. Arachnol. Soc. 10 (5): 176, f 5-6, 39, 54-61.

Gen. Rafalus Prószynski, 1999 (15 species)

Type species Rafalus christophori.
DIAGNOSIS. Confront to general characteristics of AELURILLINES which have the whole bulbus covered by opaque sclerotized tegulum and a coil of embolus hidden behind anterior part of tegulum, from where only its tip protrudes. Bulbus usually ends posteriorly by sharp pointed triangle, sometimes with narrow "tail". There is often also a small, conical protuberance ("bump") on tegulum. Tibial apophysis is short and robust, sometimes sclerotized and hook like, often accompanied dorsally by fleshy protuberance. Female epigyne, usually in a form of sclerotized flat plate, with indistinct, small copulatory openings, but often with sclerotized "wings" or edges, sclerotized chambers of spermathecae in a form of a pair of compact bodies with convoluted internal chambers, or a chain of irregular chambers. Copulatory ducts are sclerotized, or short and indistinct, even invisible.
More detailed features of the genus include
bulbus narrower than in other genera, with its posterior, triangular part longer. Tibial apophysis single, narrow with pointed tip. Cymbium and palpal tibia covered by fur of long setae, mixed white and dark. Epigyne unusual for this group of genera, with translucent posterior median pocket, openings posterior, located at ends of narrow posterior depression. Ducts broad, thinwalled, in a form of broad semiarches, or "S" like, runs laterally along posterior half of epigyne. Spermathecae anterior, arranged transversally, heavily sclerotized, their shape resembles compressed letter "C". Color pattern seem more vivid than in other genera, with areas of yellow and reddish, apart from dark ones, clypeus contrasting, anterior surfaces of patella and tibia I are black, light reflecting (see color photo of Rafalus insignitus). Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

Rafalus christophori : Proszynski 2003a. Ann. zool.. 53, 1: 135, f 536-542. By courtesy.y
+b)
Rafalus feliksi + c) karskii : Proszynski 1999. Arthr. Sel., 8(2): 94-95, f 13-14 + +c) 95-96, f 17-21 +b) Wesolowska,
van Harten. UAE, 2010: 3: 3: 55, f 76-82. By courtesy
Rafalus stanislawi : Proszynski 1999. Arthr. Sel., 8(2): : 96-98, f 22-29. + © Photo B. Knoflach. By courtesy
+
Rafalus insignipalpis : Proszynski, 1987. Atlas ...: 37 + Wesolowska W., van Harten A. 2002. Fauna of Arabia 19: 384,
f 52-60, phots 5-6 [© Photos by B. Knoflach]. By courtesy
b) c)
Rafalus arabicus b) desertus c) minimus : Wesolowska, van Harten. UAE, 2010: 3: 51, pl 20-21, f 67-73 +b) .55, pl 22, f 74-75 +c) 56, pl 23, f 83-86. By courtesy.
+
Rafalus lymphus : Prochniewicz M., Heciak S. 1994. Ann. zool., 45: 34-35, f 1a-f + © Photo B. Knoflach. By courtesy
b)c)
d)e) f)
Rafalus nigritibiis +b) sp 1 +c) sp 2 +d) sp 3 +e) wittmeri +f) variegatus : Proszynski 1987. Atlas ...: 1 +b) Proszynski 1999.
Arthr. Sel., 8(2): 98, f 30-31 +c) 98, f 32-33 +d) 100, f 34-35 +e) Proszynski 1978a. Ent. bas., Basel, 3, 7: 9-10, f 1-3
+f) Logunov, Rakov 1998.Arthr. Sel., 7(2): 134, f 54-57. By courtesy

Gen. Stenaelurillus Simon, 1885 (28 species)

Type species Stenaelurillus nigricaudus.
DIAGNOSIS. Confront to general characteristics of AELURILLINES which have the whole bulbus covered by opaque sclerotized tegulum and a coil of embolus hidden behind anterior part of tegulum, from where only its tip protrudes. Bulbus usually ends posteriorly by sharp pointed triangle, sometimes with narrow "tail". There is often also a small, conical protuberance ("bump") on tegulum. Tibial apophysis is short and robust, sometimes sclerotized and hook like, often accompanied dorsally by fleshy protuberance. Female epigyne, usually in a form of sclerotized flat plate, with indistinct, small copulatory openings, but often with sclerotized "wings" or edges, sclerotized chambers of spermathecae in a form of a pair of compact bodies with convoluted internal chambers, or a chain of irregular chambers. Copulatory ducts are sclerotized, or short and indistinct, even invisible.
Resembles other species of the genus by bulbus covered entirely by tegulum and coil of embolus hidden behind tegulum, there are some processes of bulbus emerging together with embolus from underneath of tegulum, or protuberances and fringes developed on tegulum, their structure not yet sufficiently understood. Tibial apophysis single.
Appearance of epigyne not yet sufficiently understood, its internal structures consist of spherical body, or two, or elongate vessel, copulatory ducts short and indistinct. Color patter unusually rich and vivid for this group of genera: face may display vivid areas of striking colors, or light reflecting scales. Basic color of body includes striking light streaks on carapace and abdomen, the latter may have also a pair of small but distinct white round dots. Some species may be covered by light reflecting scales, this pattern should be documented by macrographs of live specimens, whenever possible. Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

+
+
Stenaelurillus nigricaudus : Berland, Millot 1941: 12, 2: 313, f 14. + Szuts, Scharff 2005. A. zool. Hungar. 51: 372, f 7a-c, 8a-d + Wesołowska W. 2014. ©Zoosystema 36 (3): 610-612, f 9. .
+
Stenaelurillus lesserti : ©Photo J. Caleb + Kartikheyan. By courtesy
Stenaelurillus natalensis : Haddad, Wesolowska, 2006. Ann. zool., 56(3): 580-586, f 20-36, map 37. By courtesy
b)
Stenaelurillus cristatus : Wesolowska, Russel-Smith. 2000. Trop. Zool., 13 (1): 96-98, f 261-268 +b) Szuts, Scharff 2005.
Acta zool. Acad. Sci. Hungar. 51: 375, f 7D-E, 9A-D. By courtesy. By courtesy
b)
Stenaelurillus darwini +b) fuscatus : Wesolowska, Russel-Smith. 2000. Trop. Zool., 13 (1): 98-101, f 269-276 b) 101-102,
f 277-280. By courtesy
Stenaelurillus glaber : Wesolowska, Russel-Smith, 2011 . Ann. zool., 56(3): 580-586, f 20-36, map 37. By courtesy
Stenaelurillus guttiger : Haddad, Wesolowska 2006. Ann. zool., 56(3): 576-580, f 1-19. By courtesy
+
Stenaelurillus hirsutus : Lessert, 1927: 433, f 18 + ©Photo T. Szuts (hirsutus (?) from Ghana). By courtesy.
Stenaelurillus iubatus : Wesołowska, Russel-Smith 2011. Ann. zool. 61(3): 594-595, f 155-160, 241-243. By courtesy
b)+c)+
Stenaelurillus striolatus +b) leucogrammus +c) albopunctatus : Wesołowska, Russel-Smith 2011. Ann. zool. 61(3): 597-598, f 153-154, 247-249 +b) Proszynski 1984c. Atlas ...: 139 +Wesolowska & Cumming, 2011: J. Afrotrop. Zool. 7: 98-99, f 81-84 +c) Wesołowska 2014. ©Zoosystema 36 (3): 597-598, f 1. By courtesy.
+
Stenaelurillus furcatus: Wesołowska 2014. ©Zoosystema 36 (3): 601-602, f 3. By courtesy.
+
Stenaelurillus kavango: Wesołowska 2014. ©Zoosystema 36 (3): 604-605, f 5. By courtesy.
+
Stenaelurillus latibulbis: Wesołowska 2014. ©Zoosystema 36 (3): 606-607, f 6. By courtesy.
+
Stenaelurillus modestus: Wesołowska 2014. ©Zoosystema 36 (3): 608-610, f 8. By courtesy.
Stenaelurillus pecten: Wesołowska 2014. ©Zoosystema 36 (3): 612, f 10, 16a-c. By courtesy.
Stenaelurillus specularis: Wesołowska 2014. ©Zoosystema 36 (3): 612-616, f 11. By courtesy.
+
Stenaelurillus sudanicus: Wesołowska 2014. ©Zoosystema 36 (3): 616-618, f 12, 16D. By courtesy.
+
Stenaelurillus zambiensis : Wesołowska 2014. ©Zoosystema 36 (3): 618, f 14. By courtesy.
+
+
+b)
Stenaelurillus lesserti : Proszynski 1984c. Atlas ...: 139 + Photos by courtesy of M. Freudenschuss (Syntype: India: NHM Wien) + Sebastian et al. 2015. W Ghats. Zookeys. 491: 72–77, f 4A–C, 5A–G, 6A–C, 7B, 10A–J, 11A–F +b) Personal gift from Wesolowska - photo of specimen from Sri Lanka [display of diagnostic drawings of syntype specimen publshed in Oriental Insects 2013: 47(4) not allowed by Francis & Taylor Ltd.]. By courtesy.
Stenaelurillus albus : Sebastian et al. 2015. W Ghats. Zookeys. 491: 65-72, f 1A–B, 2A–G, 3A–C, 7A, 8A–I, 9A–F. By courtesy.
Stenaelurillus pilosus: Wesołowska, Russel-Smith. 2011. Ann. zool. 61(3): 595-596, f 161-166, 244-246. By courtesy
b)
Stenaelurillus ignobilis +b) mirabilis : Wesolowska & Cumming, 2011: J. Afrotrop. Zool. 7: 96-98, f 79-80
+b) Wesolowska W., A. Russel-Smith. 2000. Trop. Zool., 13 (1): 102, f 281-289. By courtesy.
+
Stenaelurillus setosus + sp [setosus?] : Proszynski 1984c. Atlas ...: 138 ["Tenasserim, Burma" - coll. Oates] + sp [setosus?] India: Mangalore. ©Photo Marashetty Seenappa, Facebook. By courtesy. [ W. Wesolowska 2013: 202 consider this species
irrecognizable, hence name nudum. I propose to wait until fauna of Burma, ALL species living there, will be known. J. Prószynski.]
.
b)c)
Stenaelurillus soricinus +b) sp [Kenya] +c) Uganda, Kadam : Proszynski 1984c. Atlas ...: 138 +b) Proszynski 1984c: 140
[Kenya. Diani Beach] +c) [Uganda, Kadam]. By courtesy
b)c)
Stenaelurillus triguttatus +b) werneri +c) uniguttatus : Proszynski 1984c. Atlas ...: 138 ["thibet chinois"]
+b) Proszynski 1984c. Atlas ...: 139 [Afrika: Mongalla.] +c) Lessert 1925a. 31 (13): 478 f 64, 65. By courtesy
.
b)c)d)
Stenaelurillus abramovi +b) marusiki +c) hainanensis +d) minutus : Logunov, 2008. Acta arachn., 57(1): 43-44, figs 1-7
+b) Logunov 2001. Arthr. Sel., 10 (1): 66, f 27-30 +c) Peng X. 1995. Acta zootax. sin. 20, 1: 35-38, f 1-12 +d) Song, Zhu, Chen 1999: 560, f 317M-N. By courtesy
Stenaelurillus kronestedti : Prochniewicz , Heciak 1994. Annales zoologici, 45: 39, f 7a-k, 8a-e.. By courtesy
Stenaelurillus sarojinae. : Caleb, Mathai, 2014b. JEZS 2 (5): 64-65, f 24-30 (Andhra Pradesh) + Caleb et al. 2015.
Peckhamia 124,1: 12-17, 57-81. By courtesy.
Female
Stenaelurillus metallicus. : ©Photo J. Caleb Tamil Nadu. Caleb, Mathai 2016. Zootaxa 4103 (2): 185–188. © 2016 Magnolia Press. By courtesy.
Stenaelurillus digitus. : Prajapati et al. 2016. Zootaxa 4171 (2): 327, f. 1C–D, 6A–D, 7A–E, 8A–C, 9A–D, 11. ©Magnolia Press. By courtesy.
Stenaelurillus gabrieli : Prajapati et al. 2016. Zootaxa 4171 (2): 323, f.1A–B, 2A–C, 3A–F, 4A–C, 5A–D, 10. ©Magnolia Press. By courtesy.

Characters of Aelurilleae according to Simon